Which Statement Best Describes the Greenhouse Effect

Tabular array of Contents

    • What is the Greenhouse Upshot?
    • Greenhouse Gases
    • Causes of Greenhouse Issue
    • Effects of Greenhouse Upshot
    • Runaway Greenhouse Effect

Greenhouse Effect Definition

“Greenhouse upshot is the process by which radiations from the sunday are absorbed by the greenhouse gases and not reflected dorsum into infinite. This insulates the surface of the globe and prevents it from freezing.”

What is the Greenhouse Effect?

A greenhouse is a house made of glass that tin can be used to grow plants. The sun’s radiations warm the plants and the air inside the greenhouse. The estrus trapped inside can’t escape out and warms the greenhouse which is essential for the growth of the plants. Same is the example in the earth’s atmosphere.

During the day the sunday heats upwardly the globe’south atmosphere. At dark, when the world cools downwardly the heat is radiated back into the temper. During this process, the oestrus is absorbed by the greenhouse gases in the earth’south atmosphere. This is what makes the surface of the earth warmer, that makes the survival of living beings on globe possible.

Withal, due to the increased levels of greenhouse gases, the temperature of the earth has increased considerably. This has led to several desperate effects.

Allow us have a wait at the greenhouse gases and understand the causes and consequences of greenhouse furnishings with the assist of a diagram.

Besides Read:Global Warming

Greenhouse Gases

“Greenhouse gases are the gases that absorb the infrared radiations and create a greenhouse effect. For eg., carbondioxide and chlorofluorocarbons.”

Greenhouse Effect Diagram

The Diagram shows Greenhouse Gases such as carbon dioxide are the primary cause for the Greenhouse Issue

The major contributors to the greenhouse gases are factories, automobiles, deforestation, etc. The increased number of factories and automobiles increases the amount of these gases in the atmosphere. The greenhouse gases never let the radiations escape from the earth and increase the surface temperature of the earth. This then leads to global warming.

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Causes of Greenhouse Event

The major causes of the greenhouse effect are:

Burning of Fossil Fuels

Fossil fuels are an important part of our lives. They are widely used in transportation and to produce electricity. Burning of fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide. With the increase in population, the utilization of fossil fuels has increased. This has led to an increase in the release of greenhouse gases in the temper.


Plants and copse take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen. Due to the cutting of trees, at that place is a considerable increment in the greenhouse gases which increases the earth’s temperature.


Nitrous oxide used in fertilizers is one of the contributors to the greenhouse effect in the atmosphere.

Industrial Waste and Landfills

The industries and factories produce harmful gases which are released in the atmosphere.

Landfills also release carbon dioxide and methane that adds to the greenhouse gases.

Effects of Greenhouse Upshot

The principal effects of increased greenhouse gases are:

Global Warming

It is the phenomenon of a gradual increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere. The main crusade for this environmental result is the increased volumes of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and marsh gas released by the called-for of fossil fuels, emissions from the vehicles, industries and other human activities.

Depletion of  Ozone Layer

Ozone Layer protects the earth from harmful ultraviolet rays from the lord’s day. It is plant in the upper regions of the stratosphere. The depletion of the ozone layer results in the entry of the harmful UV rays to the earth’due south surface that might lead to skin cancer and tin also change the climate drastically.

The major cause of this miracle is the aggregating of natural greenhouse gases including chlorofluorocarbons, carbon dioxide, methane, etc.

Smog and Air Pollution

Smog is formed by the combination of fume and fog. It can be caused both by natural means and man-made activities.

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In general, smog is generally formed by the accumulation of more than greenhouse gases including nitrogen and sulfur oxides. The major contributors to the germination of smog are auto and industrial emissions, agronomical fires, natural forest fires and the reaction of these chemicals amidst themselves.

Acidification of Water Bodies

Increment in the full amount of greenhouse gases in the air has turned most of the world’s water bodies acidic. The greenhouse gases mix with the rainwater and fall as acid rain. This leads to the acidification of water bodies.

As well, the rainwater carries the contaminants along with it and falls into the river, streams and lakes thereby causing their acidification.

Runaway Greenhouse Consequence

This phenomenon occurs when the planet absorbs more radiations than information technology tin radiate back. Thus, the estrus lost from the globe’south surface is less and the temperature of the planet keeps rising. Scientists believe that this miracle took identify on the surface of Venus billions of years ago.

This phenomenon is believed to accept occurred in the post-obit style:

  • A runaway greenhouse effect arises when the temperature of a planet rises to a level of the humid point of water. As a result, all the h2o from the oceans converts into h2o vapour, which traps more estrus coming from the lord’s day and further increases the planet’south temperature. This eventually accelerates the greenhouse result. This is as well called the “positive feedback loop”.
  • There is another scenario giving way to the runaway greenhouse effect. Suppose the temperature rise due to the above causes reaches such a high level that the chemic reactions begin to occur. These chemical reactions bulldoze carbon dioxide from the rocks into the atmosphere. This would heat the surface of the planet which would further accelerate the transfer of carbon dioxide from the rocks to the atmosphere, giving ascent to the runaway greenhouse upshot.
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In simple words, increasing the greenhouse issue gives rise to a runaway greenhouse effect which would increase the temperature of the earth to such an extent that no life will exist in the near hereafter.

Also Read:Environmental Issues

To learn more almost what is the greenhouse effect, its definition, causes and effects, keep visiting BYJU’Southward website or download the BYJU’South app for farther reference.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is global warming?

The gradual increase in temperature due to the greenhouse effect caused past pollutants, CFCs and carbon dioxide is called global warming. This phenomenon has disturbed the climatic pattern of the earth.

Listing gases which are responsible for the greenhouse result.

The major greenhouse gases are:
one) Carbon dioxide
ii) Methane
3) Water
4) Nitrous oxide
5) Ozone
6) Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)

What is the greenhouse effect?

Carbon dioxide and h2o vapour absorb infrared radiations coming to the world and partly reflect it back to the earth’southward surface. Due to this, the surface of the world gets heated up. This miracle is called the greenhouse effect.

What are the major causes of the greenhouse upshot?

Burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, farming and livestock production all contribute to the greenhouse effect. Industries and factories too play a major function in the release of greenhouse gases.

What would take happened if the greenhouse gases were totally missing in the world’s atmosphere?

Globe’s nearly abundant greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide, methyl hydride, ozone, CFCs, and water vapour. These gases are present near the World’s surface. They absorb solar free energy that is radiated back from the surface of the Earth. The absorption of radiation results in the heating upwards of the temper. Hence, greenhouse gases are essential for maintaining the temperature of Globe for the sustenance of life.
In the absence of greenhouse gases, the average temperature of Earth will decrease drastically, making it uninhabitable. As a result, life on Earth would be incommunicable.

Which Statement Best Describes the Greenhouse Effect

Source: https://byjus.com/biology/greenhouse-effect-gases/