Passover, or Pesach in Hebrew, is one of the Jewish religion’southward most sacred and widely observed holidays. In Judaism, Passover commemorates the story of the Israelites’ difference from aboriginal Egypt, which appears in the Hebrew Bible’s books of Exodus, Numbers and Deuteronomy, amongst other texts. Jews observe the weeklong festival with a number of of import rituals, including a traditional Passover meal known as a seder, the removal of leavened products from their habitation, the substitution of matzo for bread and the retelling of the exodus tale
When Is Passover 2022?
Passover 2022 will be from sundown on April 15, 2022, to sundown on Apr 23, 2022. The engagement of Passover changes each twelvemonth because the date is set non by the Gregorian calendar, but by the lunar-based Hebrew calendar. It always occurs during the Hebrew month of Nisan.
The Passover Story
According to the Hebrew Bible, Jewish settlement in ancient Arab republic of egypt offset occurs when Joseph, a son of the patriarch Jacob and founder of 1 of the 12 tribes of Israel, moves his family there during a severe famine in their homeland of Canaan.
For many years the Israelites live in harmony in the province of Goshen, simply as their population grows the Egyptians brainstorm to see them every bit a threat. After the expiry of Joseph and his brothers, the story goes, a particularly hostile pharaoh orders their enslavement and the systematic drowning of their firstborn sons in the Nile.
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The Story of Moses
One of these doomed infants is rescued by the pharaoh’s daughter, given the name Moses (pregnant “one who is pulled out”) and adopted into the Egyptian regal family unit.
When he reaches adulthood, Moses becomes enlightened of his true identity and the Egyptians’ brutal treatment of his fellow Hebrews. He kills an Egyptian slave principal and escapes to the Sinai Peninsula, where he lives as a humble shepherd for xl years.
One day, nonetheless, Moses receives a command from God to return to Egypt and complimentary his kin from bondage, according to the Hebrew bible. Along with his brother Aaron, Moses approaches the reigning pharaoh (who is unnamed in the biblical version of the story) several times, explaining that the Hebrew God has requested a three-twenty-four hours leave for his people so that they may gloat a feast in the wilderness.
When the pharaoh refuses, God unleashes 10 plagues on the Egyptians, including turning the Nile River red with blood, diseased livestock, boils, hailstorms and three days of darkness, culminating in the slaying of every firstborn son past an avenging affections.
The Israelites, however, mark the door frames of their homes with lamb’south blood so that the affections of death volition recognize and “laissez passer over” each Jewish household.
Terrified of farther punishment, the Egyptians convince their ruler to release the Israelites, and Moses quickly leads them out of Egypt. The pharaoh changes his heed, however, and sends his soldiers to retrieve the former slaves.
As the Egyptian regular army approaches the fleeing Jews at the edge of the Red Ocean, a miracle occurs: God causes the sea to office, assuasive Moses and his followers to cross safely, and then closes the passage and drowns the Egyptians.
According to the Hebrew Bible, the Jews—now numbering in the hundreds of thousands—and then trek through the Sinai desert for forty tumultuous years before finally reaching their ancestral dwelling in Canaan, later known equally the Land of Israel.
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Questions of Historical Accuracy
For centuries, scholars have been debating the details and historical merit of the events commemorated during the Passover holiday. Despite numerous attempts, historians and archaeologists have failed to corroborate the tale of the Jews’ enslavement in and mass exodus from Egypt.
Although the aboriginal Egyptians kept thorough records, no mention is made of an Israelite community within their midst or any calamities resembling the x biblical plagues. There is likewise no show of big encampments in the Sinai Peninsula, the fabulous site of the Jews’ wandering, or any sudden fluctuation in State of israel’south archaeological record that would bespeak the departure and return of a large population.
A scattering of scholars, including the beginning-century Jewish historian Josephus, take suggested a link between the Israelites and the Hyksos, a mysterious Semitic people—possibly from Canaan—who controlled lower Egypt for more than 100 years before their expulsion during the 16th century B.C.
Most modern academics, withal, have dismissed this theory due to chronological conflicts and a lack of similarity between the two cultures.
I of the most important Passover rituals for observant Jews is removing all leavened food products (known as
chametz) from their home before the holiday begins and abstaining from them throughout its elapsing.
Instead of bread, religious Jews eat a type of flatbread called matzo. According to tradition, this is because the Hebrews fled Egypt in such haste that in that location was no time for their staff of life to rise, or perchance because matzo was lighter and easier to carry through the desert than regular bread.
Passover Seder Meaning
On the beginning 2 nights of Passover, families and friends assemble for a religious feast known as a seder for the Jewish holiday.
During the repast, the story of the exodus from Egypt is read aloud from a special text chosen the Haggadah (Hebrew for “telling”), and rituals corresponding to various aspects of the narrative are performed. For example, vegetables are dipped into table salt h2o representing the tears Jews shed during their time equally slaves, and bitter herbs (usually horseradish) symbolizing the unpleasant years of their bondage are eaten.
A seder plate at the center of the table contains Passover foods with particular significance to the exodus story, including matzo, biting herbs, a lamb shankbone and a mixture of fruit, nuts and vino known as
charoset, which represents the mortar Jews used while bonding bricks as slaves in Egypt.
Other typical menu items include matzo kugel (a pudding fabricated from matzo and apples), poached fish patties called gefilte fish and chicken soup with matzo balls.
Children play an important role in the seder and are expected to accept role in many of its customs. At one betoken during the repast, the youngest child present recites the four questions, which ask what distinguishes this special night from all other nights.
In many households, young people also savor participating in the traditional hunt for the
afikomen, a piece of matzo that is hidden early on in the evening. The finder is rewarded with a prize or money.
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