- Pedestrians and Skateboarders
- Bicyclists and In-Line Skaters
- Moped Operators
- Large Vehicles
- Dull Moving Vehicles
- Horseback Riders
- Chapter 11 Quiz
Note: Practice quizzes are available only for those sections of the transmission roofing rules of the road (Capacity 4 through 11 and Road Signs).
As a driver, you must acquire to safely share the route with a variety of other users. These include, but are non limited to: large vehicles, motorcycles, mopeds, pedestrians, bicyclists, in-line skaters, roller skaters, skateboarders, dull moving vehicles, not-motorized scooters and horseback riders. You should know how to safely manage the bug they can nowadays and empathize the special rules they must obey.
PEDESTRIANS AND SKATEBOARDERS
Pedestrians and skateboarders are at high run a risk in traffic. The law requires y’all to exist actress careful to avert a standoff with them.
Look out for children near schools, bus stops, playgrounds, parks and ice foam trucks.
When you lot back up your car or truck look through your back window for pedestrians. Do not rely only on mirrors when children are near. Before you back into a driveway, or out of it, leave of the vehicle and check backside your vehicle.
Pedestrians are supposed to walk on the side of the road and face the traffic in the lane nearest them. When when you make a correct turn sentry for pedestrians on your right. When you brand a left turn, spotter for pedestrians on the other side of the route on your left.
Pedestrians and skateboarders who are legally crossing the route or street at marked or unmarked crossings, like an intersection, always have the right-of-way. You must decrease your speed or, if necessary, come to a consummate stop. The elderly and persons with disabilities can require additional time to complete their crossings.
A special right-of-style law allows bullheaded pedestrians to become beyond the road with a guide dog or a white or metal pikestaff. Y’all must e’er give them the right-of-manner when they are trying to cross at a marked or unmarked crosswalk, even if the traffic signals or other right-of-style rules are non in their favor.
Remember to move your optics equally you bulldoze. Wait to either side every few seconds to help y’all spot pedestrians most or approaching the roadway.
The police force requires pedestrians and skateboarders to:
- Obey traffic and pedestrian signals, traffic officers and official signs.
- Use the sidewalk when available or face traffic every bit they walk, as far from the almost traffic lane every bit possible.
- Never stand in the road to hitchhike or conduct business with motorists.
BICYCLISTS AND IN-LINE SKATERS
Bicyclists and in-line skaters have the right to share the road and travel in the same direction as motor vehicles. They are ofttimes hard to meet in traffic and accept no protection from a traffic crash. Bank check your “blind spots” before you brand a turn, parallel park, open a door or leave a curb. Do not depend only on your mirrors – plow your head to wait for bicyclists and skaters and scooter operators that may be side by side to y’all or approaching.
Give bicyclists and in-line skaters room when you bulldoze. Reduce speed equally yous pass them. Air pressure level from a vehicle that passes them quickly can send them off remainder.
Be enlightened that the bicyclist or in-line skater near or in front of y’all can react to road hazards like a motorcyclist would with sudden changes of speed, management or lane position.
The rules of the road and correct-of-way apply to and protect these and other highway users. You lot must yield the right-of-fashion to them but as you would to another vehicle. And they must obey the rules of the road just as motor vehicle drivers do.
Bicyclists and in-line skaters must:
- Ride in a bicycle lane, if available. Where there is none, they must remain nigh the right adjourn or edge of the road or on a right shoulder of the road, to foreclose interference with other traffic. When they set up for a left turn or must move left to avoid hazards, cyclists do not have to remain to the correct.
- Come to a total stop before they enter a roadway from a driveway, an alley or over a curb.
- Never travel with more than 2 side-by-side in a single lane.
- Never ride on a sidewalk if information technology is prohibited by local laws.
Bicyclists and their passengers and in-line skaters, ages 1 through 13, must wear an canonical helmet. Adults must obey any local laws or regulations about helmet use.
Bicyclists besides must:
- Signal turns, lane changes and stops through the use of the hand signals shown. A bicyclist can signal a right turn when they extend the right arm direct out to the right.
Left plow – left arm fully extended to left; Stop – left arm extended and bent down at elbow; Right turn – right arm fully extended to right or left arm extended and bent up at elbow
- Never comport an infant under a year old as a passenger. It is against the law. Child passengers ages one – four years one-time must ride in fastened bicycle safety seats.
- Never bear a passenger unless the bicycle has a passenger seat.
- Keep at to the lowest degree ane paw on the handlebars at all times and do not behave any item which prevents correct control of the bicycle.
- Any bicycle crash that causes decease or serious injury must exist reported to DMV within x days of the incident. Cycle accident written report forms (MV-104C) are available at whatsoever motor vehicle office.
A cycle driven on public highways must take adequate brakes and a horn or bell that can be heard at least 100 feet (30 1000) away. A bicycle used at night must have a headlight visible from at to the lowest degree 500 feet (150 1000) ahead and a red taillight visible from at least 300 anxiety (90 m) behind. One of these lights must be visible from at to the lowest degree 200 feet (lx m) away on each side. A bicycle sold by a dealer must have broad-angle, spoke-mounted reflectors or reflective tires, a broad-angle rear reflector and pedal reflectors.
As a driver, you share the road with a lot of other motorists – not all of which are driving cars or trucks. Motorcycles are mutual on New York roads. As a driver, you are responsible to be aware of motorcycles and empathize how to safely share the road with them.
Motorcycles (which include scooters and mopeds) come in a diverseness of shapes and sizes. New York Country Police defines a motorcycle as “Every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than iii wheels in contact with the ground, simply excluding a tractor.” Nigh motorcycles you’ll see take either 2 or three wheels. Examples include (simply are not limited to Cruisers, Standards, Dual-sport, Off-route, Sport bikes, Tourers, Mopeds, and Scooters):
Motorcyclists take the same rights and responsibilities every bit drivers of other vehicles, and must follow the same traffic laws as pedestrians, bicyclists and skaters. Though you lot may often see motorcycles on the roads in the spring, summertime, or fall – you lot can encounter motorcycles someday and anywhere. Because nosotros don’t run into them all yr, we may not actively think about them.
When at that place is a crash involving a motorcycle and some other vehicle, the rider (and passenger) have a much higher take chances of existence seriously injure or killed than the commuter (and passengers) of the other vehicle. Though motorcyclists are required to wear canonical helmets and goggles or a face shield, motorcycles themselves do not offer the rider the protections that you lot have with other types of vehicles. For example, motorcycles don’t protect the rider with a frame around the rider.
Many drivers who are involved in a crash with a motorcyclist study that they did non see the motorcycle. The question is “why non?”
There are several factors that make motorcyclists less visible.
- Motorcycles, when compared to other highway users, are smaller. No thing from which direction you lot view a motorcycle (front end, back, or side), you’ll find they are smaller than nearly other highway users.
- Motorcycles may appear to move faster than other vehicles. A motorbike’s smaller size makes it seem much farther away, and makes it hard to judge how far abroad they are or how fast they are going.
- Motorcycles may non accept up the unabridged lane because they are not equally wide as other vehicles, but an experienced passenger may move effectually inside a lane to avert obstacles, or to help them encounter amend. In add-on to using the full lane, two motorcyclists are allowed to ride side-by-side in a single lane, but a motorcyclist cannot pass or share a lane with some other motor vehicle that is non a motorcycle. If you are overtaking a car/SUV/truck, y’all might non have seen the motorcycle in front of that vehicle until you lot’re already in the passing lane. The same holds truthful if you are entering an expressway. You may non see a motorcycle that is driving in the left portion of the lane yous intend to merge into.
- Motorcycle lighting is different, and often less obvious, than other vehicles:
- Headlights and taillights on motorcycles must be illuminated when driving. Only, with so many vehicles equipped with daytime running lights (i.due east. headlights that are always on – even in daylight), motorcycle headlights don’t stand out.
- It’s harder to see the restriction lights. Tail lights on a motorcycle are generally smaller in size than those on other vehicles, and because motorbike tail lights are always on, the restriction lights don’t always stand out.
- Motorcycles don’t have a tail lite at eye level. Most cars and trucks are equipped with a “Center Loftier Mountain Terminate Light” (CHMSL) which is designed to be at, or close to, middle level. Nearly motorcycle brake lights are mounted lower than eye level, which makes them less obvious to many motorists.
- Turn signals on motorcycles are often close to the headlight or taillights, which tin brand them more hard to see. Additionally, on virtually motorcycles, the directional signal does not plow off automatically after a plow, so their plough betoken may be on inadvertently when the motorcyclist has no intention of turning.
Intersections can exist especially dangerous for motorcycles. It’south human nature to discover large vehicles first. Motorcycles are smaller than other vehicles, and they may seem to “blend in.” Numbers aid tell the story:
- The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reports that, in 2015, 41 percent of fatal motorbike crashes in the US occurred with “the other vehicle turning left while the motorcycles were going straight, passing, or overtaking other vehicles.”
- In 2014, in that location were 4,750 reported motorbike crashes in New York State. 2,546 of these crashes involved another vehicle. That’south 53.6% of the reported crashes.
Another cistron is that drivers may not see motorcycles
simply because they don’t look for motorcycles. It’s homo nature to wait for something specific. A new driver may be told to look for cars (and trucks) before going through an intersection – and that is precisely what the driver will look for. All drivers need to train themselves to look for a multitude of hazards (including – Simply NOT Express TO – trucks, buses, bicyclists, pedestrians, and motorcycles).
Because motorcyclists must accept boosted precautions when they come up upon special highway surfaces, you should know what a motorcyclist may do:
- The motorcyclist may quickly modify speed or lane position to avoid loose gravel, debris, seams or grooves in the pavement, sewer or access covers or minor animals.
- When budgeted a railroad crossing, a motorcyclist may decrease speed and ascent off the seat to cushion the rough crossing and modify direction to go beyond the tracks at a right bending.
- On steel deck bridges the motorcyclist may move to the eye of the lane to adjust for the surface that is non even. Stay a expert distance behind a motorcyclist in this situation.
Drivers need to adjust how they drive around motorcycles.
- Don’t tailgate. Motorcycles tin stop in a shorter distance than cars – under the right conditions. Likewise, information technology may be more than difficult to find they are slowing or stopping.
- If information technology’southward raining, or dark, give motorcycles even more infinite.
Be careful when you lot pass a motorcyclist. Like bicycles, the air pressure created by vehicles as they chop-chop pass by can affect motorcycles.
Limited use motorcycles, often called mopeds, are low speed, two or three-wheeled vehicles for limited use on public highways. In that location are three different classes of mopeds based on maximum performance speed. The chart below describes the requirements for moped operation.
Form B and C mopeds tin be driven only in the right lane of traffic, as far to the right as possible. Class A mopeds are immune to bulldoze in any lane and any section of a lane. Mopeds are not permitted on expressways or other controlled access highways unless posted signs permit information technology.
When y’all approach a moped, use the same precautions you would when you arroyo a bicyclist.
|REQUIREMENT||CLASS A||CLASS B||Form C|
|Top speed range mph (km/h)||31 to 40
(Over 48 to 64)
|21 to 30
(32 to 48)
|20 or less
(32 or less)
|Type of license or learner’s let required4||K||Any Formiv||ANY CLASS4|
|Registration required||Yep (A Plate)||Aye (B Plate)||Yes (C Plate)|
|Headlight to be on when operating||YES||YES||YES|
|Helmet & eye protection required when operating5||Yep||Yes||Recommended|
|Where operation is permitted||Whatsoever Traffic Lane
|Correct Hand Lane
|Right Hand Lane or Shoulder1|
|Mandatory insurance required||Yes||Yeah||Recommended2|
|Annual inspection required||Yep||Recommended||Recommended|
1 Except when making a left hand turn.
two If a Class C limited utilize motorcycle is used in a rental business organization, insurance is mandatory.
3 Safety responsibility is the requirement to pay for or mail service security for impairment or personal injury you may cause in traffic crash.
4 Usual learner’s permit and inferior license restrictions utilize.
5 Motorcyclists must article of clothing approved motorcycle helmets, as defined past USDOT federal motor vehicle safety standards (FMVSS 218). To improve the motorcyclist’s visibility, the DMV recommends that helmets take at least iv square inches of reflective textile on both sides. Motorcyclists must also wear canonical eye protection, even if the motorcycle is equipped with a windshield. Prescription or made-to-order safe glasses may be used if the user tin can nowadays written certification that they meet DMV standards. The eye protection must exist manufactured in conformity with the regulations issued past the Vehicle Equipment Condom Commission (VESC-8).
In more than than 60 percent of all fatal crashes involving cars and big trucks, the car driver, non the truck driver, contributes to the crusade of the traffic crash. Four out of 5 times, it is the automobile driver who is killed.
Many of these crashes could be prevented if motorists know well-nigh truck (and jitney) limitations and how to steer free from situations that are dangerous and involve big vehicles.
Large trucks, recreational vehicles and buses are not big cars. The bigger they are:
- The bigger their blind spots,
- The longer information technology takes them to cease,
- The more room they need to maneuver,
- The longer it takes for an automobile to pass them.
Unlike from cars, large vehicles have deep blind spots directly behind them. They also take much larger blind spots on both sides than cars do. Tractors with long hoods tin accept a bullheaded spot of 20 feet in front of the vehicle. Y’all should avoid these “no zones.”
Side Blind Spots
Large vehicles take much larger blind spots on both sides. If you drive in these blind spots, you lot cannot be seen by the driver. Even if the driver knows yous are there, if you remain side by side to the vehicle information technology can make it difficult for the commuter power to avoid a unsafe situation.
Blind Spots in Back
If you remain in the back blind spot of a large vehicle, y’all increase the run a risk of a crash. The other commuter cannot encounter your car, and your view of other traffic will be blocked.
Distance to Stop
Big vehicles take much longer to stop than smaller vehicles that travel at the aforementioned speed. For tractor trailers, the deviation comes from restriction delay. Air brakes transmit restriction power from the tractor to the trailer and this can add together many anxiety to the distance it takes to end. Go out plenty of space between your car and the truck. If you are in front of a truck, indicate your intention to turn or modify lanes early. Do not make sudden moves.
Ability to maneuver
Large vehicles are non equally maneuverable as cars. They take longer to stop and to accelerate and they often need to move broad to make their turns.
You tin can reduce the chance of a standoff with a large vehicle if you lot:
- Do not cut abruptly in front end of the large vehicle; when you exit, take a few additional seconds to decrease speed and exit behind it; when you pass do not pull in front of it unless you can see the whole front of the vehicle in your mirror.
- Pay shut attention to the turn signals. Considering trucks make wide right turns, they movement to the left before they turn correct. Look at the turn signals.
- Do not filibuster near a big vehicle. You may not exist visible to the driver in the wide area the truck needs for making a turn.
When you pass
When you laissez passer a big vehicle, it takes a longer time and requires more space than when yous pass a machine. On a two-style route, leave more time and space when you laissez passer a big vehicle. Make sure you can encounter the whole front of the vehicle earlier you return to your lane after you pass. A large vehicle normally loses speed on a grade or a hill. Await far ahead when you drive. If you lot need to pass a large vehicle, be prepared and know when you are near a grade that can crusade the other vehicle to decrease speed. Also, as your ain vehicle begins a downward course, the speed of the other vehicle can increase significantly. This will increment the time it takes you to pass it.
When a truck is backing up
Never pass shut behind a large vehicle that is backing up. Often a truck driver has to block a road to back into an area to load or unload goods. Be patient!
It is far meliorate to look until the large vehicle has completed its backup maneuver than to endeavor to pass. If you endeavor to pass in this situation, it is likely that yous volition enter 1 of the bullheaded spots. This could make your vehicle invisible to the driver and increase the risk of a traffic crash.
When you arroyo a truck
Practice not underestimate the size and speed of an approaching tractor-trailer or other large vehicle. Its larger size will ofttimes make information technology appear to move at a slower speed than information technology really is. Too, from a altitude it may not announced to exist as large as it really is. The other vehicle will often reach y’all before yous expect! When you drive on a two manner highway, it is often improve to movement every bit far to the right as possible to make sure your vehicle will not be striking by an approaching tractor-trailer or other large vehicle.
When y’all stop behind a truck
Always leave space when yous terminate in back of a truck or charabanc at a traffic low-cal or stop sign, especially when you face up a hill. The truck or bus could end or move backward slightly when it starts. If yous leave plenty room between your vehicle and the vehicle ahead, you ordinarily can pull away from behind and become around it.
The “slow-moving vehicle” symbol, a reflective orange triangle, must be displayed on the dorsum of vehicles fatigued by animals, most subcontract vehicles, and construction equipment. The Usa Mail also requires these orange safety-triangles to exist displayed on all rural post delivery vehicles. Utilise caution when yous approach a slow-moving vehicle and make sure it is safe before you pass.
ALL-TERRAIN VEHICLES AND SNOWMOBILES
State law allows all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) and snowmobiles to legally go across many state highways and local roadways. Before they cantankerous, they must come to a stop and yield to traffic. They must go across at a 90-degree angle to the road surface.
Horse riders are discipline to, and protected by, the rules of the road. They also must ride single file near the right curb or road edge, or on a right shoulder, lane or path that can be used.
The constabulary requires you to exist conscientious when you lot approach a horse being ridden or walked along a road. You must drive at an adequate speed and at an adequate distance away from the equus caballus. It is illegal to sound your horn when you approach or pass a equus caballus.
Before y’all become on to Affiliate 12, brand certain y’all can reply these questions:
- How do the blind spots around a large commercial vehicle differ from the blind spots around a automobile?
- How does the stopping altitude of a large vehicle with air brakes compare with the stopping distance of a car?
- Later you pass a large vehicle, what should you make sure of earlier you return to the lane of the large vehicle?
- What is the best method to follow when yous arroyo a big vehicle that is in contrary equally it moves toward a loading area?
- When children are close, what should you exercise before you back out of a driveway?
- How can y’all identify a blind pedestrian to whom you must yield the right of fashion?
- Where must a pedestrian walk when there are no sidewalks?
- How must y’all approach a bicyclist?
- Must a bicyclist obey traffic laws and signs?
- Where there is no bike lane, where on the road must a bicyclist ride?
- What equipment must a wheel accept when used at dark?
What tin can a driver do to be more aware of motorcyclists?
What factors contribute to drivers not being aware of motorcycles?
Why are motorcycles harder to see?
Why is it of import for a motorist to exist enlightened of motorcycles?
- May iii motorcyclists ride side-by-side in a single lane?
- What is the ho-hum-moving vehicle symbol?
- Where are you lot probable to find an ATV, snowmobile or horse rider?
Terminate of Affiliate 11:
Chapter 11 Quiz
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While You Are Driving You See a Bicyclist