Which Statement About Social Psychology is Most Accurate

Which Statement About Social Psychology is Most Accurate

Social psychology is a co-operative of psychology concerned with how social influences touch how people think, experience, and act. The way we perceive ourselves in relation to the rest of the world plays an important role in our choices, behaviors, and beliefs. Conversely, the opinions of others also impact our behavior and the mode we view ourselves.

Understanding social psychology tin can be useful for many reasons. First, nosotros can meliorate sympathize how groups impact our choices and actions. In that location are some basic aspects of social behavior that play a large role in our deportment and how nosotros see ourselves.


Social Behavior Is Goal-Oriented

Our interactions serve goals or fulfill needs. Some common goals or needs include the need for social ties, the desire to sympathise ourselves and others, the wish to gain or maintain status or protection, and the need to attract companions.

The way people comport is oftentimes driven by the desire to fulfill these needs. People seek friends and romantic partners, strive to gain social status, and attempt to understand the motivations that guide other people’s behaviors.


Situations Assistance Determine Outcome

In many instances, people bear very differently depending upon the situation. To fully empathize why people exercise the things they practise, it is essential to expect at individual characteristics, the situation and its context, and the interactions amidst all these variables.

For case, someone who is normally quiet and reserved might go much more outgoing when placed in some type of leadership role. Another example is how people sometimes acquit differently in groups than they would if they were by themselves. Environmental and situational variables play an of import function and have a strong influence on our beliefs.

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Social psychology allows u.s.a. to gain a greater appreciation for how our social perceptions affect our interactions with other people.


Social Situations Form Self-Concept

Our social interactions help grade our self-concept and our perceptions. One method of forming self-concept is through the reflected appraisal process, in which we imagine how other people see u.s.. Another method is through the social comparing process, whereby we consider how we compare to other people in our peer group.

Sometimes nosotros engage in upward social comparison where we rate ourselves against people who are meliorate off than united states in some way. In other instances, we might engage in downward social comparing where we contrast our ain abilities to those of others who are less capable.


Nosotros Analyze the Behavior of Others

One common phenomenon is the expectation confirmation, where we tend to ignore unexpected attributes and wait for show that confirms our preexisting beliefs virtually others. This helps simplify our worldview, simply it too skews our perception and can contribute to stereotyping.

If you expect people to behave in a certain way, you might look for examples that confirm your belief while at the same time ignoring show that conflicts with your existing opinions.


We Believe Behavior Reflects Personality

Some other influence on our perceptions of other people can exist explained by the theory of correspondent inferences. This occurs when we infer that the deportment and behaviors of others correspond to their intentions and personalities. For example, if we see a adult female helping an elderly person cantankerous the street, nosotros might presume that she is kind-hearted. While behavior tin exist informative, information technology can likewise be misleading.

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If nosotros have limited interaction with someone, the beliefs we see may be singular or caused past the specific situation rather than by the person’s overriding dispositional characteristics. In the previous case, the woman might only be helping the elderly person because she has been employed to exercise so instead of out of the kindness of her heart.


A Word From Verywell

Learning more most social psychology can enrich your understanding of yourself and the world effectually you. By learning more than nearly how people view others, how they behave in groups, and how attitudes are formed, you can gain a greater appreciation for how social relationships influence private functioning.

Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

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  2. Xu Ten, Chen Y, Zhao Y, Yang J. The neural testify of the reflected appraisal procedure as a main path for learning about 1’southward self-cognition of personality.
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  4. Ounjai One thousand, Kobayashi South, Takahashi M, Matsuda T, Lauwereyns J. Active confirmation bias in the evaluative processing of nutrient images.Sci Rep. 2018;8(1):16864. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-35179-9

  5. Böhm G, Pfister Hr. How people explain their own and others’ behavior: a theory of lay causal explanations.Front Psychol. 2015;half dozen:139. doi:x.3389/fpsyg.2015.00139

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Boosted Reading

  • Hu Y, Parde CJ, Hill MQ, Mahmood N, O’Toole AJ. First impressions of personality traits from body shapes.
    Psychol Sci.
    2018;:956797618799300. doi:10.1177/0956797618799300

  • Li J, Liu X, Ma L, Zhang W. Users’ intention to continue using social fettle-tracking apps: expectation confirmation theory and social comparison theory perspective.Inform Wellness Soc Care.
    2019;44(3):298-312. doi:10.1080/17538157.2018.1434179

Past Kendra Cherry

Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author and educational consultant focused on helping students larn about psychology.

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Which Statement About Social Psychology is Most Accurate

Source: https://www.verywellmind.com/things-you-should-know-about-social-psychology-2795903