Another Name for the Organization of African Unity is the

Another Name for the Organization of African Unity is the

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African-American flags (U.S.)

Last modified:
by rick wyatt

Keywords: u.s.a. | african-american | heritage | ethiopia | pan-african | garvey | rasta |

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  • Crimson-Black-Green
  • Red-Black-Green with Africa Outline
  • Red-Black-Light-green with Cherry-red Star
  • Black-Red-Green
  • Green-Black-Red
  • Blackness-Red-Green
  • thirteen Stripes
  • African American Flag of Inclusion
  • African American Flag House flag
  • Afro-American Community Services Organization
  • African-American Heritage Flag
  • Blackness-Light-green-Red Stars & Stripes
  • Black American National Flag
  • Acadiana Blackness Pride flag
  • Afro American Unity flag
  • African American Flag past David Hammons
  • African American Confederate Flag Variants
  • African American National Heritage Flag
  • Blackness American Flag
  • Harvey African American flag

See as well:

  • Juneteenth flag
  • Blackness Panthers Party
  • Republic of New Afrika
  • United Nation of Ifa-Orisa-Vodun and New Afrikan Independence Movement
  • Heritage flags
  • Rastafarians
  • Blackness Lives Matter
  • United states

    External sites:

  • “KWANZAA InfoCenter – Afro-American Flag”


[Afro-American Red-Black-Green flag]
image by
Rick Wyatt, five April 1998

Green, black, and cherry-red are the Garvey colors, later on Marcus Garvey, a civil rights movement leader. If I recall correctly, he promoted the “returning to Africa” — if non geographically, at to the lowest degree by “rediscovering” the ancestral heritage of African Americans.

Antonio Martins, xi Dec 1997

The colors are every bit represented on the flag, Red, Black and Dark-green (not Light-green, black and cherry ) and did indeed evolve from Marcus Garvey’s UNIA movement. However, the colors were adopted past an international assemblage of 25 countries of the African diaspora, thereby making the colors international.

African Americans have held proudly onto their imprint for the past 78 years hoisting it under various titles: International African Flag, The African Flag, Pan African Flag, Liberation Flag, Black Flag, African American Flag, Afro-American Flag and others. Yes, the colors were hoisted first in the The states and, it represents all peoples of the African Diaspora regardless of country of birth.

Rasta colors and The Pan African (Garvey Flag) colors not the same and should not be confused. Rasta colors are the Ethiopian colors of green, gold and crimson.

Beatrice C. Jones, xvi November 1998

The Blood-red, Blackness and GREEN Flag was unveiled to the earth by the Honorable Marcus Mosiah Garvey and the members of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League, of the Globe at it’south first international convention on Baronial xiii, 1920. The UNIA-ACL knew that Africans at dwelling and abroad needed their ain flag as other flags effectually the world could not correspond the commonage of African people.

The use of Red, Black and Green every bit colors symbolizing African nationhood was kickoff “adopted past the UNIA-ACL equally part of the 1920 Announcement of Rights every bit the official colors of the African race. The question of a flag for the race was not equally trivial as might have appeared on the surface, for in the United states of america especially, the lack of an African symbol of nationhood seems to have been cause for rough derision on the role of whites and a source of sensitivity on the part of Afro-Americans.

The race catechism Garveyites used explained the significance of the red, blackness, and dark-green as for the “colour of the blood which men must shed for their redemption and freedom”, blackness for “the color of the noble and distinguished race to which we belong,” and green for “the luxuriant vegetation of our Motherland.

Nnamdi Azikewe, 12 April 2000

My understanding is that Garvey thought (erroneously) that these were the colors of aboriginal Ethiopia – the Ethiopia of today was known every bit Abyssinia at the time Garvey proposed the flag.
Devereaux Cannon
Ned Smith, 10 July 1999

My understanding is that Marcus Garvey was thinking of contemporary Ethiopia, which in the 1920’s was the merely African country that had never been colonized. He became aware of his error as to its national colors at the time of Haile Selassie’south coronation as emperor, but by that fourth dimension the reddish/black/green flag was likewise well established to be inverse.
John Ayer, 10 July 1999

Crimson-Blackness-Green with Africa Outline

[Afro-American Red-Black-Green with Africa Outline flag]
image by
Tomislav Todorovic, 8 August 2011

This variant of Garvey’south flag has unchanged color lodge, simply is amended with a large outline of Africa in white. I have seen it offered for auction at several web shops, such equally here:
Tomislav Todorovic, 8 August 2011

Another source is (from, photo taken at the Juneteenth parade 2011.
Steve Shumaker, 19 June 2012

Cerise-Black-Dark-green with Red Star

[Afro-American Red-Black-Green with Red Star flag]
paradigm by
Tomislav Todorovic, 8 August 2011

This variant of Garvey’south flag has unchanged color gild, but is amended with a red star in centre of the black field was seen in Oakland, California in 1989, at the funeral of Huey Newton, co-founder of the Black Panther Party. The photos from the outcome can be seen hither:

and here:

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Information technology was certainly brought at that place past the Black Panthers’ sympathizers, just is yet to be found if it was their official flag equally well. And then far, no testify is available on the Web. It might be worth noting, though, that it seems that the New Black Panther Party, their self-designated successor, makes utilize of evidently ruddy-black-green flag only – at least, only that one was seen in the photos related to them and then far.
Tomislav Todorovic, eight August 2011

This flag is definitely used by the African People’s Socialist Political party (APSP)
Tomislav Todorovic, 7 February 2015


[Afro-American Black-Red-Green flag]
image by
Tomislav Todorovic, seven Baronial 2011

This variant of African-American flag uses the colors introduced by Marcus Garvey, but in a unlike social club:

The black-blood-red-dark-green flag has first appeared on a stamp issued by the Us Postal Service in 1997 to commemorate Kwanzaa, the African-American yearly celebration [1]. Compared with the Garvey’s flag, information technology has the black and blood-red fields with swapped places, so information technology might have been created as an error [2]. Withal in that location are examples of its use in real life, like the African-American Parade in Cleveland, Ohio, on 2011-06-04, where at least one such flag was carried among many red-black-greenish flags [3]. There is also a blog entry nigh Kwanzaa [4] with 2 accompanied photos, 1 showing an African woman holding the said flag and another one showing the same adult female with a little Caucasian daughter before the kinara (the Kwanzaa candle holder), which is ready upon a spread flag with this design.

[ane] Wikipedia page about Kwanzaa:
[2] Wikipedia page well-nigh Garvey’due south flag:
[3] ClevelandPeople.Com website:
[4] Rimadyl For Dogs blog: blog, Image 1, Image 2

Tomislav Todorovic, 7 August 2011


[Afro-American Green-Black-Red flag]
image by
Tomislav Todorovic, 9 May 2015

Very rarely, Garvey’south flag is used with the reversed color club – green-black-red. One case is from protests in Hartford, CT in Baronial 2014 [1]. While in that location is the possibility that the flag used at that place was just the red-black-green ane which was held upside-downwardly, that is definitely not the case in the video for song “Weapon X” by hip-hop group 10 Clan, where the dark-green-blackness-ruddy flag is attached to a hand-held staff in a way which leaves no place for dubiety. The flag can be seen, together with an Ethiopian flag (with the lion), several times during the video [2].


  1. Hartford Courant newspaper website
  2. Portland Flag Clan Website

Tomislav Todorovic, 9 May 2015


[Afro-American Red-Green-Black flag]
paradigm by
Tomislav Todorovic, 14 January 2021

The ruby-red-greenish-black flag was hoisted in Buffalo on 2019-06-07 at the showtime of the Juneteenth Festival. The video from the flag raising ceremony can be viewed here:

In the get-go, a cerise-black-green flag can likewise exist seen which was also brought to the anniversary. However, the red-green-blackness flag is seen throughout the video clearly enough to exclude any possible confusion about its pattern.
Tomislav Todorovic, xiv January 2021

xiii Stripes

[Afro-American 13 Stripes flag]
paradigm by
Michael P. Smuda, 6 November 1998

I found another Afro-American flag while surfing the web. This flag was adult in 1989 in South Fundamental Fifty.A.

According to their site,, the symbolism of the colors is as follows:
GOLD is for the richness of the people
BLACK is for the people
RED is for the blood shed
Green is for the earth
Dov Gutterman, 6 November 1998

I have never heard of this i. The red/black/dark-green flag is fabricated by all flag manufacturers. My gauge is that this is a private venture.
Rick Wyatt, 8 November 1998

African American Flag of Inclusion

[African American flag of inclusion]
paradigm by
Tomislav Todorovic, 11 January 2015

Cecil Lee’due south outset public showing of the African American Flag of Inclusion was in 1999 at a one man art show at Gallery 10 in Harlem. In 1998 he coined the term “Computer Evolved Multi-medium Art” a form of figurer art from which the acronym “CEMA” is derived.

Created in 1999 the “African American Flag of Inclusion” represents a concept that has long been part of many an African American’s psyche, expressing a reality many of us consciously or unconsciously have acknowledged. It is also an identifying motif intended to represent all African Americans regardless of their private beliefs or political affiliations.

A symbol whose fourth dimension has come The African American Flag of Inclusion reaches beyond religious, political and philosophical beliefs reflecting the African Americans’ unique contributions and accomplishments toward the inventiveness, creativity, building, growth and stability of the Us of America.

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The elements of the African American Flag of Inclusion stand for:
red = life/blood, family, vitality & oneness
black = the people, strength, depth & influence
green = world, development, growth & progress
stars & stripes = equality & unification

Nelson Román, 2 November 2003

Flag of the “African American Flag House”

[flag of the African American Flag House]
image by
Rick Wyatt, 3 December 2001

Meaning of the Stars:

  • The Start Star announces that all humankind was born out of the womb of Africa.
  • The Second Star informs with pride that the African gave rising to the first civilizations and kingdoms of the world.
  • The Third Star depicts the cruel abduction of Africans from their original roots.
  • The Fourth Star vows that African Americans will never forget the holocaust of the Middle passage and the millions of Africans who suffered and died during the terrible crossing.
  • The Fifth Star recalls the unholy bondage of African Americans prior to the abolishment of slavery in America.
  • The Sixth Star praises all those African Americans who defied and rebelled confronting injustice and genocide in America.
  • The 7th Star is a memorial to African Americans who have silently or aggressively defended and preserved the Constitution of the United States of America.
  • The Eighth Star recognizes the force of the African American family and its inner spiritual conventionalities in universal brotherhood.
  • The 9th Star is a testament to the strength and tenacity of African Americans to emerge victorious despite any adversity or challenge.
  • The Tenth Star honors African Americans for their accomplishments in making the American dream a reality.
  • The Eleventh Star calls for African Americans to probe their history and to celebrate their culture and heritage.
  • The Twelfth Star signifies the achievements of African Americans through difficult work, scholarship, and determination.
  • The Thirteenth Star is the symbol of Pan African unity.
  • The Fourteenth Star leads African Americans into the future with award, truth, and the dream of a greater tomorrow.

Meaning of the Stripes:

  • The Dark-green Stripes remind us of our living earth and the roots of all humanity cached deep in African soil
  • The Yellowish Stripes symbolize the moral excellence and spiritual wealth of African Americans as they interact with all diverse cultures of America.
  • The Blackness Stripes of the African American Flag underscore African American families and their significant economic, spiritual, social, and political contributions to America.
  • The White Stripes warn African Americans to be constantly vigilant of forces that call for decease of freedom and the surrender of rights guaranteed to all by the Constitution of the United States of America.
  • The Blue Stripes illustrate lofty skies that will ever extend a span between African Americans and Africa.
  • The Red Stripes tell of the passionate and soulful burn within the hearts of African Americans and that ther blood shed in defense of freedom shall not exist in vain.


Submitted by
Dov Gutterman, iv April 1999

Afro-American Community Services System

[African-American variation]
image by
Paul San Pavlos, 27 Dec 2002

I observed in Santa Barbara. It was labeled: “Flag of Afro-Americans by the Afro-American Community Services Organization.” I have neither been able to locate them on the web or in the Santa Barbara phone directory. I know nothing more nearly this flag, its usage, origins, etc.

Paul San Pavlos, 27 December 2002

African-American Heritage Flag

[African-American Heritage flag]
image past
Pete Loeser, 7 December 2016

This flag has been seen most five miles from Springfield, Massachusetts, and has been adamant to be the African-American Heritage Flag. It was developed about 20 years ago [i.e., the 1980s] and has been marketed by the designer. It does not have any official status. The wreath and sword refer to traditional African symbols.
Michael Faul
Whitney Smith, xix January 2005

I had this flag in the 1970s as part of my drove of Black American History studies. I gave it to an artist friend of mine to make a painting of it and never saw it again.
Alvin Collins, half dozen December 2016

The Black American Heritage flag was designed in 1967 by Melvin Charles and Gleason T. Jackson. According to the designers, “…the elements of the flag include the color blackness to stand for pride and pigmentation and race; reddish, to remind usa of the rich blood black men take shed for freedom, equality, justice and homo dignity throughout the globe; and golden, to correspond intellect, prosperity, and peace. These colors are woven into a composition that juxtaposes the red and black in a prepare of 3 stripes: one black stripe centered between ii red.”
“Superimposed on the black stripe is a golden wreath of fig leaves. The cultivated fig is a native of Africa, and ranks as i of the about ancient of life-sustaining fruits. Centered within the aureate wreath is a blunted Moorish boarding sword, symbol of leadership carried by the bully Moorish leaders of the 8th century. The sword represents the strength and authority exhibited by a black culture that made many contributions to the earth in mathematics, art, medicine, and concrete science, heralding the contributions that black Americans would make in these and other fields.”

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source: Historical Flags of Our Ancestors
Pete Loeser, 7 December 2016

Black-Light-green-Cherry-red Stars & Stripes

[Afro-American with Green Starsflag]
epitome by
Tomislav Todorovic, 20 June 2012

The flag shown here was carried in Washington, D.C. on twenty Jan 2009 by some people who attended the inauguration of President Barack Obama. It resembles i of the flags reported to have appeared at the at Juneteenth parade in 2011, just the stars are green here. The photo of the flag can be seen here:
Tomislav Todorovic, 20 June 2012

Three variants of the U.Southward. flag repainted in Garvey colors were reported by Steve Shumaker. Here follows the info nearly their creator and meanings of each of them. Each of them has a proper noun of its own.

These flags, known under the mutual name of All American Flags, are created by Carl Sharif of Newark, New Jersey, and sold by his company U.s. For Once, Inc. More details most the company at its website: world wide

All American Flag, Mainlander:

[Afro-American with Green Stars flag]
image past
Pete Loeser
Tomislav Todorovic, 7 Oct 2012

The flag with vii black and six green stripes and red stars on black canton is dedicated to the retentiveness of all Africans who lost their lives during the Centre Passage, which is another name for slave trade. Blackness stripes represent their deaths and green ones for their youth, for most of them were young people. Black canton stands for the African origins of the flag users and scarlet for the blood spilled by their ancestors, not only during the Center Passage, only as well during the latter sufferings and struggles in America. Every bit such, the flag is also recommended for use at the funerals.

More details here:

All American Flag, Islander:

[Afro-American with Green Stars flag]
image past
Pete Loeser
Tomislav Todorovic, vii October 2012

While the canton is identical as on the previous flag and given the same significant, the stripes are repainted into Garvey colors, alternating black (topmost), green and cerise and ending with black at the bottom. The flag pattern denotes that African traditions in the New Earth are best preserved in the Caribbean area Islands and South America and also reminds of the fact that Marcus Garvey was a native of Jamaica.

More details here:

All American Flag, Middle Passage:

[Afro-American with Green Stars flag]
image by
Pete Loeser
Tomislav Todorovic, 7 October 2012

While sharing the same canton and its meaning with two other flags, this flag has 7 reddish and six green stripes. Intentionally made to be the most like with the U.S. national flag, information technology is meant to correspond the Due north American people of African origin and their struggles and sacrifices.

More than details here:
Pete Loeser
Tomislav Todorovic, 7 October 2012

Another source is, from  photo taken at the Juneteenth parade 2011.
Steve Shumaker, 19 June 2012

Black American National Flag

[Afro-American with Green Stars flag]
image by
Pete Loeser
Tomislav Todorovic, 7 Oct 2012

This flag is derived from the United states national flag by repainting information technology as follows: the canton is blackness, the stars are reddish and the stripes are in Garvey colors, alternating blackness (topmost), green and red and ending with blackness at the bottom. This is actually identical to the All American Flag, Islander by Carl Sharif but information technology is not clear if there are any connections. Under this newly discovered name, the flag was used at the Martin Luther King, Jr. African-American Heritage Rodeo, which takes place in Denver, Colorado. Its currently available photos date from 2016 [one, two], 2017 [three] and 2018 [4].

[i] Library of Congress website – Photo of Blackness American National Flag, taken on 2016-01-xviii:

[two] Library of Congress website – Photo of Blackness American National Flag, taken on 2016-01-xviii:

[3] GettyImages photo archive – Photo of Black American National Flag, taken on 2017-01-16 (information hidden within the page source code):

[4] CBS Denver website – Photograph of Black American National Flag, taken on 2018-01-15: (image:

Tomislav Todorovic, 2 September 2019

The flag was used once more at the Blackness Lives Matter Plaza, Washington, DC during the Juneteenth celebration on 2020-06-19. It was hoisted together with a smaller Garvey Flag atop the same staff. The photo is available here:

Tomislav Todorovic, 18 Nov 2020

Another Name for the Organization of African Unity is the