How Are Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Related Apex

How Are Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Related Apex

Photosynthesis and Respiration

The relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is such that the products of one arrangement are the reactants of the other. Photosynthesis involves the use of energy from sunlight, water and carbon dioxide to produce glucose and oxygen. Cellular respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water.  To emphasize this point fifty-fifty more than, the equation for photosynthesis is the contrary of cellular respiration.

Humans, animals and plants depend on the bike of cellular respiration and photosynthesis for survival.  The oxygen produced by plants during photosynthesis is what humans and animals inhale for the blood to transport to the cells for respiration. The carbon dioxide produced during respiration is released from the trunk and absorbed past plants to help provide the free energy they need for growth and development. This is the never ending bicycle that sustains life on earth.

The process of photosynthesis is used by plants and other photosynthetic organisms to produce energy, whereas the process of cellular respiration breaks down the energy for employ.  Despite the differences between these ii processes, there are some similarities.  For example, both processes synthesize and use ATP, the energy currency.

Below are some of the similarities and differences between these ii systems.

Similarities between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Comparative Features Photosynthesis Cellular Respiration
Reduction-Oxidation Reaction
Electron Send Concatenation (ETC)
Synthesize ATP
Apply ATP
Electron Carriers

Differences between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Comparative Features Photosynthesis Cellular Respiration
Occurs in… Plants,
Photosynthetic Bacteria
All living organisms
Function/Purpose Capture, catechumen and store energy
– light energy from the sun is converted into chemical energy and stored in the bonds of glucose
Release energy
– chemical energy stored in glucose is released to produce ATP for the cell
Reactants/Inputs Carbon dioxide,
Low-cal energy
Metabolic Procedure Anabolic
– COii
and free energy from ATP and NADPH are used to build glucose molecules
– glucose is broken down to produce COtwo
and energy in the class of ATP, NADH and FADH2
Location Chloroplast
of the plant cell
Glycolysis occurs in the
while the
is the site of the Kreb’south Wheel and Electron Transport Chain (ETC)
Source of Energy Sunlight Glucose
(sunlight is not required)
Electron Carriers NADPH NADH
Stages Lite dependent Reactions
– Low-cal energy and water are used to produce ATP and NADPH

Calvin Bike
– Carbon dioxide and the energy from ATP and NADPH are used to produce glucose

– Glucose is combined with ATP to produce pyruvate molecules, NADH and more than ATP

Pyruvate Oxidation
– Pyruvate molecules are broken down into Acetyl-CoA (2-carbon compound) and CO2
is produced

Kreb’s Cycle
– Acetyl-CoA is combined with iv-carbon molecules to grade the 6-carbon citrate molecules used to generate NADH, COtwo, FADH2
and ATP

Electron Transport Chain
– Energy stored in NADH and FADHii
during the Krebs wheel is used to generate ATP, Water, NAD+ and FAD

Products/Outputs Glucose
Carbon dioxide
Equation 6CO2
+ 6HtwoO –––> CviH12O6
+ 6Oii
+ 6O2
–––> 6CO2
+ 6H2O
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The cycle of photosynthesis and respiration maintains the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide.  Photosynthesis produces the oxygen to replenish oxygen that is used up by living organisms during respiration.  Carbon dioxide produced during respiration is one of the reactants plants need to perform photosynthesis.

Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are both office of a mutually beneficial relationship.  Cellular respiration cannot occur without photosynthesis, and photosynthesis certainly cannot occur without the aid of its partner.

How Are Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Related Apex