An Effect of the Great Peasants Revolt Was That
The Causes of the Peasants Revolt are varied and complex. The Peasants Revolt bankrupt out in the Southward East of England in 1381. It saw a large number of people, from a variety of backgrounds, protesting. Starting in Kent, the rebels moved to London and fabricated demands of the king. The Peasants Revolt saw several deaths and posed a serious take chances to the young King Richard II. Unrest over rights, tax and the relationship betwixt lords, the church and the people had been growing since the Black Death. The firsthand cause, it’southward spark, was a Poll Tax Anarchism in Fobbing, Kent.
Causes of the Peasants Defection
The Blackness Decease resulted in the loss of many lives in England. The proportion of people killed varied from surface area to area. Up to a third of the population may have died. In some places there were few survivors. This caused equally huge burden emotionally and economically on society.
The Statute of Labourers of 1351 was designed to end people profiting from the shortage of labour afterwards the Blackness Death. It limited wages to 2d (pence) per twenty-four hours. The Church building retained much state in England. Many labourers were still required to work, without pay, on Church state. This prevented movement of labour and stopped them from earning the high wages being offered. These combined to frustrate people, though they in themselves did not cause a revolt.
The labour shortage had resulted in some lords offer high rates of pay to entice villein’s away from their villages. Yet, some of the lords refused to allow the villein’s to return to their home villages. These villein’s were strengthened financially just saw their motility restricted. They did not recollect this was fair. They had seen their importance and value rise, and then had it restricted.
England had been at state of war in French republic since 1337. The war is expensive. It had cost the lives of many men. Coastal towns and villages had lost revenue because of surrendering their vessels to the navy. The state of war carried on despite the death of King Edward Iii.
When Edward III died in 1377, his heir, Male monarch Richard Ii was only a boy. England was governed by his uncle, John of Gaunt. John of Gaunt was not pop amidst the people. Respect for the Kings Government was low. The government raised Poll Taxes in 1377 and once again in 1379.
Information technology is believed that many villein’s feared that the rights and pay that had been acquired post-obit the Black Death could be taken away from them. Equally taxes were beingness increased, there was reason to believe that their liberties could be restricted again.
Another Poll Revenue enhancement was introduced in 1381. The Poll Tax of 1381 was higher than the taxes of 1377 and 1379. It was besides per person, not per property. People tried to avoid the tax. They hid family unit members. Betwixt January and March 1381, investigators uncovered lots of the charade and forced people to pay. This led to unrest.
John Ball was a radical priest. He argued that all mankind was equal. His preaching was banned but he spoke to people outside of the church. For that, he was imprisoned in Apr 1381. Rebels released him in May 1381. He immediately preached to a large crowd that they should, “cast off the yoke of chains, and recover freedom.” The speeches and preaching of John Ball argued that the villeins ought not to be tied to the land, the lords or the church. They should have freedom as a right.
In May 1381 the King’south Commissioners demanded the payment of taxes from several villages in Kent. When request for the payment from the people of Fobbing, in that location was a refusal. This led to the Commissioners being attacked and killed.
Word of the riot and murder of the male monarch’s men spread quickly. Presently, neighbouring villages decided to join together to oppose the taxes and to claim their rights of liberty from ties and unfair, treacherous authorities. Many men met at Maidstone in the days following this and appoint a insubordinate leader, Wat Tyler. Tyler and Ball orchestrate the next steps of these rebels. The Peasants Revolt had begun.
Summary: Causes of the Peasants Revolt
The Causes of the Peasants Revolt were a combination of things that culminated in the rebellion. These were: Long term bear upon of the Blackness Death; the impact of the Statute of Labourers; the land ties that remained in identify to feudal lords and to the church. These issues became sources of keen discontent when the people became angered past the actions of the Kings Government, under John of Gaunt’southward atomic number 82. The Poll Tax was viewed as unjust and unneeded. This was at a time when the views of John Ball were being spread. His calls for freedom from oppression constitute a welcome audience in these circumstances. The tertiary Poll Tax in a brusk period provided a spark for all of this discontent to become an uprising.
British History – The Plantagenets – Richard II – Timeline of the Peasants Revolt
|Henry II||Richard I||King John|
|Henry III||Edward I||Edward Two|
|Edward III||Richard II|
|House of Lancaster|
|Henry Four||Henry V||Henry 6|
|House of York|
|Edward 4||Edward V||Richard Three|
|Murder of Thomas Becket||Magna Carta||Ten Facts almost the Black Death|
|Edward I’southward Conquest of Wales||Madog ap Llywelyn||Causes of the Peasants Revolt|
|Timeline of the Peasants Revolt|
|Sources and Interpretations|
|Paston Letters||John Rous|
An Effect of the Great Peasants Revolt Was That