Tables and Charts Comparing the Government From Five Different States

Tables and Charts Comparing the Government From Five Different States

Hormonal methods

Implants require activity only once every 3 years.

A doctor inserts a small rod that contains a progestin under the skin of the inner arm.

Irregular or no menstrual periods during the commencement year

Headaches and weight gain

Restrictions for utilise are generally less than those for contraceptives that contain
estrogen.

An incision is required to remove implants.

An injection is given by a doctor every 3 months.

Irregular bleeding (more or less frequent menstrual periods), which becomes less frequent with time

After 2 years, ofttimes no menstrual periods while injections are being used

Weight gain, headache, and a temporary decrease in os density

The
levonorgestrel-releasing IUD requires action only once every iii, 5, or 7 years, depending on the type used.

IUDs are inserted and removed past a doctor.

Irregular bleeding and/or no menstrual menses

Rarely, perforation of the uterus

Occasionally, the IUD is expelled.

Daily activity is usually required.

With combination oral contraceptives (estrogen plus a progestin), a woman typically takes the contraceptive every day for 3 weeks, followed past an inactive tablet every day for i week.

Progestin-only oral contraceptives are taken every day at the same fourth dimension of day.

A visit to the medico is required periodically to have the prescription renewed.

Combination oral contraceptives:
Breakthrough bleeding* (usually merely during the first few months of use)

Nausea, bloating, fluid retentivity, increased blood pressure, chest tenderness, headaches, and weight gain

Increased take a chance of claret clots

Progestin-only oral contraceptives:
Irregular bleeding, no periods, headaches, and weight gain

Women who are older than 35 and who smoke should not take oral contraceptives.


Women who take oral contraceptives are less likely to have menstrual cramps



Menstrual Cramps

Menstrual cramps are pains in the lowest part of the torso (pelvis), a few days before, during, or after a menstrual period. The pain tends to be about intense nigh 24 hours subsequently periods begin…

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, premenstrual dysphoric disorder



Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

A short discussion of prolonged grief disorder. Depression is a feeling of sadness and/or a decreased interest or pleasance in activities that becomes a disorder when information technology is intense enough to…

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(a astringent form of premenstrual syndrome), acne, and aberrant uterine bleeding



Abnormal Uterine Bleeding (AUB)

Abnormal uterine bleeding is bleeding from the vagina that occurs frequently or irregularly or lasts longer or is heavier than normal menstrual periods. The most common blazon of aberrant haemorrhage…

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. They are besides less likely to develop osteoporosis



Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a status in which a decrease in the density of bones weakens the basic, making breaks (fractures) likely. Aging, estrogen deficiency, low vitamin D or calcium intake, and…

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Osteoporosis



and several types of cancer (such as endometrial cancer



Cancer of the Uterus

The most common blazon of cancer of the uterus develops in the lining of the uterus (endometrium) and is called endometrial cancer. Endometrial cancer commonly affects women after menopause. It…

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Cancer of the Uterus



and ovarian cancer



Ovarian Cancer, Fallopian Tube Cancer, and Peritoneal Cancer

Ovarian cancer is cancer of the ovaries. It is related to fallopian tube cancer, which develops in the tubes that pb from the ovaries to the uterus, and peritoneal cancer, which is cancer…

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).

Women utilise a new patch every week for 3 weeks, then remove it and exit it off for i week.

A visit to the doctor is required periodically to accept the prescription renewed.

Similar to those of oral contraceptives

Peel irritation at the awarding site

Restrictions are similar to those of oral contraceptives.

Depending on when women start using the patch, they may demand to use a backup method of birth command during the starting time calendar week of use.

Women insert a ring once every 3 weeks, then remove information technology and not use information technology for ane week. Or they may leave the band in identify for 4 or fifty-fifty 5 weeks, so remove it and supervene upon it with a new 1. A new ring is used each fourth dimension.

A visit to the doctor is required periodically to have the prescription renewed.

Generally similar to those of oral contraceptives, except that irregular bleeding is typically less frequent with the ring

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Restrictions are similar to those of oral contraceptives.

Depending on when women starting time using the band, they may need to utilize a backup method of birth control during the start week of use.

Rings may exist expelled. If they are expelled and and so reinserted within 3 hours, no backup method of birth command is needed.

Barrier methods

Women may insert a cervical cap upwards to forty hours before sexual intercourse. They must exit it in place for at least half-dozen hours subsequently intercourse, but it should not stay in identify for longer than 48 hours.

Allergic reactions and vaginal irritation

This method cannot be used during menstruation.

Men apply a rubber immediately before every act of sexual intercourse.

Condoms for women are inserted into the vagina, and the penis is carefully guided into the condom.

Condoms are discarded after one utilise.

Condoms are available over the counter.

Allergic reactions and skin irritation

Latex condoms are the simply contraceptives that provide protection against all common sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Condoms made of a synthetic material such every bit polyurethane, polyisoprene, or silicon rubber provide some protection, merely they are thinner and more likely to tear.

Condoms must be used correctly to be effective.

This method requires diligence and cooperation by the sex activity partner.

Contraceptive gel

The gel must be used inside one hour earlier sexual intercourse.

Called-for and itching in the genital area and vagina, yeast infections, and urinary tract infections

Women insert the sponge earlier sexual intercourse. The sponge can be inserted in advance and is effective for 24 hours. It must be left in identify for at least 6 hours after intercourse. It is discarded subsequently one use.

Sponges are available over the counter.

Allergic reactions and vaginal dryness or irritation

Sponges may be difficult to remove. They must be removed after 30 hours.

Sponges are less effective than diaphragms.

Women insert a diaphragm earlier sexual intercourse. The diaphragm should be left in place for at to the lowest degree 6 to 8 hours and may be left in place for up to 24 hours. For well-nigh diaphragms, a dr. fits the diaphragm and checks the fit at least once a yr and after childbirth. The SILCS diaphragm is an exception The SILCS diaphragm is a single-size contraceptive barrier device that does non require fitting past a doctor.

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The spermicidal cream or gel used with a diaphragm may make insertion messy.

Allergic reactions, irritation in the genital expanse and vagina, and urinary tract infections

Afterwards initial insertion of the diaphragm, additional cream or gel should be inserted into the vagina before each act of intercourse.

Spermicide lonely

Must be placed in the vagina at least 10 to thirty minutes and no more than 1 hour before sexual intercourse each time

Burning, irritation, and rash in the genital area and vagina and urinary tract infections

Considering efficacy is limited, spermicide is oft used with other bulwark methods.

Other methods

Copper IUD

Copper IUDs require action just one time every 10 years.

IUDs are inserted and removed by a doctor.

Bleeding and/or pain

Rarely, perforation of the uterus

Occasionally, the IUD is expelled.

Women go on rail of their fertile days by one or all of the following;

  • Using a calendar

  • Checking their cervical mucus almost every mean solar day

  • Checking their cervical mucus plus trunk temperature and other symptoms almost every day

None

This method requires diligence by women and abstinence from sexual intercourse several days a month. It is less constructive for women with irregular menstrual cycles.

Withdrawal method

Men withdraw their penis from the vagina earlier ejaculation.

Self-control and precise timing are required.

None

This method is less constructive than other methods because sperm may exist released earlier ejaculation and considering the man may not withdraw earlier ejaculation.

* Quantum bleeding is bleeding that occurs between periods, when women are taking the active pill.

Tables and Charts Comparing the Government From Five Different States

Source: https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/multimedia/table/v55351892