Briefly Describe the Factors That Can Lead to Conflict

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What are the various causes of Conflict ?

Conflict arises due to various reasons. Malthus, the eminent economist says that reduced supply of the means of subsistence is the root cause of conflict. Co-ordinate to him, conflict is caused by the increase of population in geometrical progression and the food supply in arithmetical progression.

Co-ordinate to Charles Darwin, the biological principles of “Struggle for beingness” and “the survival of the fittest” are the main crusade of conflict.

Sigmund Freud and other psychologist hold the view that the innate instinct for aggression in man is the chief crusade of conflict. Thus, various causes lead to conflict.

The main cause of conflict may be briefly stated as follows:

1. Individual Difference:

Inn society, men are not alike in their nature, attitudes, platonic, interest and aspirations. Due to this difference, they neglect to arrange themselves which may lead to conflict amidst them.

2. Cultural Deviation: Civilisation is the mode of life of a group. It differs from society to society. The civilization of one group differs from the culture of the other grouping. These cultural differences among the group, sometimes cause tension and lead to disharmonize.

3. Clashes of Interests: The clash of interests of different people makes conflict inevitable. The interests of the workers clash with those of employers pb to conflict among them.

4. Social Alter: Conflict likewise arises due to the difference between rates of social modify. The alter in the moral norms of a society and man’s hopes, aspirations and demands leads to disharmonize .The conflict between the old and new generations is attributable to social changes. Conflict is an expression of social disequilibrium.

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Types of Conflict

George Simmel has mentioned four types of conflict: (i) War (two) Feud or factional Strife (3) Litigation and (4) Conflict of impersonal ideals.

(i) War:

According to Simmle, war represents a deep seated antagonistic impulse in man. It is a worst type of disharmonize which aims at the destruction of the opponent. When all the efforts to resolve the conflict between 2 nations fail, war finally breaks out equally it in the simply alternative to the peaceful means of solution.

(ii) Feud or Factional strife:

Information technology is an intra- grouping disharmonize. Information technology takes place amidst the members of the same group. The degree of feud varies in groups.

(iii) Litigation:

Litigation is a judicial course of disharmonize. People accept recourse to legal means in the courts of police to protect their right to possessions. This type of conflict is more than objective in nature.

(iv) Conflict of impersonal ideals:

When individuals fight not for their personal gain, but for some platonic, information technology is called the conflict of impersonal ethics. In such a disharmonize, each party attempts to justify truthfulness of its ain ethics. For example, a political party always tries to prove that its ideals are better than that of the other political parties.

There are eminent sociologists like Gillin and Gillin and others who have pointed out five forms of conflict namely, personal, racial, political, and international and form conflict.

Types of conflict

1) Personal Conflict:

Personal conflict occurs on personal level. Information technology arises when the ideals and aims of two individuals disharmonism with each other. The fight of the students for the function of the Secretary of higher Union provides a bright case of Personal Conflict.

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2) Racial Conflict:

Racial conflict is mostly due to the concrete differences. Some races consider themselves superior to other races and in that location are too races which feel that they are inferior to other. The feeling of superiority or inferiority is the root cause of racial disharmonize. Conflict between the Whites and Negroes in the U.S.A. provides an example of racial disharmonize.

3) Political Conflict:

Political disharmonize arises when different political parties with their own ideologies attempt to achieve their involvement. The principal cause of this kind of conflict is power which they desire to capture. The conflict between different political parties is an example of this blazon of disharmonize.

4) International Conflict:

International conflict occurs among the different nations of the world. It may take place for political, religious economic, ideological or for any other reasons. The disharmonize between Republic of india and Pakistan is an example of such blazon of disharmonize.

5) Class Conflict:

Form disharmonize takes identify amid classes with their differing interests. In the feudal society in that location was conflict between the landlords and the peasants. The capitalist society is characterised by the bourgeoisie and proletariat.

In improver to the conflicts discussed above at that place are a few other forms of conflict. They are stated below:

(i) Personal and Corporate Conflict:

Conflict may be personal as well every bit corporate. Personal conflict takes place inside the groups. It arises on account of various motives, envy, hostility, treachery etc. The group does not derive any benefit from this kind of internal conflict.

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Corporate conflict occurs amidst the groups within a society or between two societies. Race-riots, communal riots, war between nations are some of the examples of corporal conflict.

(two) Latent and Overt Conflict:

Conflict may be latent or overt. Sometimes individuals or groups exercise not want to express their feeling of conflict due to some reasons. This unexpressed conflict is known as the latent disharmonize. In other words, Social tension and dissatisfactions, before their expression in the form of hostile action, are two of import kinds of latent disharmonize.

On the other paw, the overt conflict is the conflict expressed by a part or parties. Latent conflict becomes overt disharmonize when an issue is alleged and when hostile activeness is taken. The war between India and Islamic republic of pakistan is an example of overt conflict.




Briefly Describe the Factors That Can Lead to Conflict

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