Which of the Following is Not a Symptom of Cardiomyopathy

Which of the Following is Not a Symptom of Cardiomyopathy

Overview

Cardiomyopathy (kahr-dee-o-my-OP-uh-thee) is a illness of the heart musculus that makes it harder for the center to pump blood to the remainder of the body. Cardiomyopathy tin can lead to heart failure.

The master types of cardiomyopathy include dilated, hypertrophic and restrictive cardiomyopathy. Treatment — which might include medications, surgically implanted devices, heart surgery or, in astringent cases, a centre transplant — depends on the blazon of cardiomyopathy and how serious it is.

Types

  1. Dilated cardiomyopathy
  2. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Symptoms

There might be no signs or symptoms in the early stages of cardiomyopathy. Simply as the condition advances, signs and symptoms usually announced, including:

  • Breathlessness with activity or even at rest
  • Swelling of the legs, ankles and feet
  • Bloating of the abdomen due to fluid buildup
  • Cough while lying downwardly
  • Difficulty lying flat to slumber
  • Fatigue
  • Heartbeats that experience rapid, pounding or fluttering
  • Chest discomfort or pressure
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness and fainting

Signs and symptoms tend to go worse unless treated. In some people, the status worsens quickly; in others, it might not worsen for a long time.

When to see a doctor

Come across your wellness intendance provider if you lot have ane or more signs or symptoms associated with cardiomyopathy. Phone call 911 or your local emergency number if you have severe difficulty breathing, fainting or chest pain that lasts for more than than a few minutes.

Some types of cardiomyopathy can exist passed down through families (inherited). If you take the condition, your health care provider might recommend that your family members be checked.

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Causes

Often the cause of the cardiomyopathy is unknown. In some people, however, it’south the result of another status (acquired) or passed on from a parent (inherited).

Sure health conditions or behaviors that tin can lead to caused cardiomyopathy include:

  • Long-term high blood pressure
  • Heart tissue damage from a heart assail
  • Long-term rapid middle charge per unit
  • Heart valve problems
  • COVID-xix
    infection
  • Certain infections, especially those that cause inflammation of the heart
  • Metabolic disorders, such as obesity, thyroid disease or diabetes
  • Lack of essential vitamins or minerals in the nutrition, such as thiamin (vitamin B-1)
  • Pregnancy complications
  • Iron buildup in the heart muscle (hemochromatosis)
  • The growth of tiny lumps of inflammatory cells (granulomas) in any part of the body, including the heart and lungs (sarcoidosis)
  • The buildup of abnormal proteins in the organs (amyloidosis)
  • Connective tissue disorders
  • Drinking as well much alcohol over many years
  • Use of cocaine, amphetamines or anabolic steroids
  • Use of some chemotherapy drugs and radiation to care for cancer

Types of cardiomyopathy include:

  • Dilated cardiomyopathy.
    In this type of cardiomyopathy, the centre’s main pumping sleeping accommodation — the left ventricle — becomes enlarged (dilated) and tin can’t finer pump blood out of the heart.

    Although this blazon tin bear upon people of all ages, it occurs virtually often in middle-anile people and is more probable to affect men. The most common cause is coronary artery disease or heart attack. However, it can too be acquired by genetic changes.

  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
    This blazon involves abnormal thickening of the centre muscle, which makes it harder for the heart to work. It by and large affects the muscle of the eye’s chief pumping chamber (left ventricle).

    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy tin develop at whatsoever age, only the condition tends to be more than severe if it occurs during babyhood. Most people with this blazon of cardiomyopathy have a family history of the disease. Some genetic changes have been linked to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

  • Restrictive cardiomyopathy.
    In this type, the heart muscle becomes potent and less flexible, so it can’t expand and fill with claret between heartbeats. This least mutual type of cardiomyopathy can occur at any historic period, but information technology most ofttimes affects older people.

    Restrictive cardiomyopathy can occur for no known reason (idiopathic), or it can past caused by a disease elsewhere in the body that affects the heart, such as amyloidosis.

  • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia.
    In this rare type of cardiomyopathy, the muscle in the lower correct center chamber (right ventricle) is replaced by scar tissue, which can lead to centre rhythm problems. Information technology’s oft caused by genetic changes.
  • Unclassified cardiomyopathy.
    Other types of cardiomyopathy fall into this category.
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Risk factors

In that location are a number of things that tin increase your hazard of cardiomyopathy, including:

  • Family unit history of cardiomyopathy, heart failure and sudden cardiac arrest
  • Long-term high blood pressure
  • Conditions that affect the heart, including a past eye assail, coronary artery illness or an infection in the heart (ischemic cardiomyopathy)
  • Obesity, which makes the heart work harder
  • Long-term alcohol misuse
  • Illicit drug employ, such equally cocaine, amphetamines and anabolic steroids
  • Treatment with certain chemotherapy drugs and radiations for cancer

Many diseases too raise your risk of cardiomyopathy, including:

  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid affliction
  • Storage of excess iron in the torso (hemochromatosis)
  • Amyloidosis
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Connective tissue disorders

Complications

Cardiomyopathy can lead to serious complications, including:

  • Center failure.
    The heart can’t pump enough claret to meet the torso’southward needs. Untreated, heart failure tin can be life-threatening.
  • Blood clots.
    Considering the eye can’t pump effectively, blood clots might class in the heart. If clots enter the bloodstream, they can block the claret flow to other organs, including the eye and brain.
  • Heart valve issues.
    Considering cardiomyopathy causes the heart to enlarge, the heart valves might not close properly. This can cause claret to flow backward in the valve.
  • Cardiac arrest and sudden decease.
    Cardiomyopathy can trigger irregular heart rhythms that cause fainting or, in some cases, sudden death if the centre stops beating effectively.

Prevention

In many cases, in that location’s no prevention for cardiomyopathy. Let your health care provider know if yous take a family history of the condition.

Yous can aid reduce your adventure of cardiomyopathy and other types of heart disease by living a heart-healthy lifestyle, including:

  • Avoiding the use of booze or cocaine
  • Decision-making high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes
  • Eating a healthy nutrition
  • Getting regular practice
  • Getting enough slumber
  • Reducing your stress
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Which of the Following is Not a Symptom of Cardiomyopathy

Source: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cardiomyopathy/symptoms-causes/syc-20370709