Which Sentence Correctly Uses Parallel Structure

Which Sentence Correctly Uses Parallel Structure

Parallel Structure Examples

Parallel construction, or parallelism, ways using the same pattern of words to show that two or more words or ideas are of equal importance. Words and phrases within a sentence should not only match in structure, but also in tense. Writers use parallel structure to add together clarity to their writing, make information technology easier to understand and evidence that their writing is structurally and grammatically right. Explore parallel construction examples to amend sympathise the concept.



parallel construction instance sentence

Parallel Structure With Coordinating Conjunctions

Parallel structure should be used when you lot connect clauses with a coordinating conjunction such as: for, and, nor, or, only, so, or notwithstanding in a judgement.

Correct Examples

The words that point parallel construction are marked in bold.

  • Every morning, nosotros
    make
    our bed,
    eat
    breakfast and
    feed
    the dog.
  • I
    will
    non sing a song, nor
    will

    I trip the light fantastic toe.

Incorrect Examples

The terms that should be parallel, but are not, are italicized.

  • Every morning, we
    make
    our bed,
    eating
    breakfast and
    feed
    the dog. (“Eating” does not match “brand” or “feed” in structure.)
  • I
    volition not
    sing a song,
    nor
    dance. (tThe writer used “will” with “non,” then as well needs to apply “will” with nor.)

Parallel Structure With Correlative Conjunctions

Parallel structure is also used with correlative conjunctions, such equally either … or, neither … nor, non simply … but besides.

Right Examples

The words that betoken parallel construction are marked in bold.

  • They argued
    non simply
    about the article
    but also
    about the review.
  • Either she
    likes to run into
    him or she
    doesn’t like to see
    him.

Incorrect Examples

The errors in the following examples are italicized.

  • They argued non just well-nigh the article, but
    they argued
    also about the review. (The phrase “they argued” should not be hither; information technology keeps the 2d office of the sentence from being parallel with the first.)
  • Either she
    likes to run across
    him or doesn’t
    like seeing

    him. (“Likes to meet” should be used with “doesn’t like to see” or “doesn’t like to encounter” should be used with “likes to see”, but the two structures shouldn’t be mixed. )
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Correct Examples

The terms that indicate parallel structure are marked in bold.

  • Ashley likes
    to

    ski,
    to
    swim and
    to
    spring.
  • She likes
    to
    dance and
    to
    sing songs.
Girl swimming in a pool as parallel structure examples

Incorrect Examples

The problematic areas are italicized beneath.

  • Ashley likes
    to ski,
    to swim
    and spring. (There needs to be a “to” between “and” and “jump,” to be parallel with the other items. )
  • She likes
    dancing
    and
    to sing
    songs. (This should pair “to dance” with “to sing” and then the infinitive course is used throughout the sentence.)

Parallel Construction With -ing Endings

Be consistent and use parallel structure with words that end in
-ing.

Correct Examples

The bold words signal that parallel construction is used correctly.

  • Joe likes
    running,
    walking
    and
    being
    active.
  • We enjoy
    relaxing
    and
    sitting
    out in the sun.

Incorrect Examples

The words that should be parallel but aren’t are shown in italics here.

  • Joe likes
    running,
    walking
    and
    outdoor activities. (“Running” and “walking” are parallel with each other, but “outdoor activities” is non parallel. Apply “participating in outdoor activities” or similar.)
  • We relish
    relaxing
    and
    like to sit
    out in the sun. (The italicized phrases are not parallel; they should both include verbs that end in
    -ing.)

Parallel Construction With Clauses

Parallel construction should be used when writing clauses.

Correct Examples

The bold terms illustrate parallel construction between the clauses.

  • The instructor told them
    that they
    need to study and
    that they
    should practice their words every night.
  • My parents said
    get a
    good education and
    do not
    settle for less.
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Incorrect Examples

In these examples, the clauses do not illustrate parallel construction. The problem wording is highlighted.

  • The teacher told them to report
    and that
    they should practice their words every nighttime. (This sentence should either include “that they” in both clauses, like the right example in a higher place, or it should include the word “said” between “that” and “they.”)
  • My parents said to get a proficient education
    and non
    settle for less. (Here, the word “to” should be included before “not” in the italicized text.)

Parallel Structure in Lists With Colons

When you have items on a list following a colon, the items should all be in the same class in order to avoid a parallel structure error.

Correct Examples

Wording that indicates parallel construction in these examples is bold.

  • The following activities tin can be done at the mall:
    ownership
    groceries,
    eating
    lunch and
    paying
    bills.
  • In your chamber, yous will discover the following:
    a bed, a
    cupboard
    and
    a desk.

Wrong Examples

The problematic wording in these examples is highlighted in italics.

  • The following activities can be done at the mall:
    buying
    groceries,
    eating
    dejeuner and
    pecker payment. (“Bill payment” should be written as “paying bills” in club to show parallel structure.)
  • In your chamber, yous will find the following:
    a bed,
    a shutt and,
    sitting at a desk-bound. (You shouldn’t list two nouns with an activity in this type of listing. It could read, “a bed, a closet, and a desk if that is what the writer ways. If the author wants to depict someone sitting at a desk-bound, that should be part of a new sentence. )

Parallel Structure in Other Lists

Even when a colon isn’t used to introduce a list, parallel construction is important.

Right Examples

The terms that form parallel structure in these sentences are bold.

  • Mary wanted to brand sure that she made her presentation
    creatively,
    finer
    and
    persuasively.
  • Tim was considered to exist a good employee because
    he was
    e’er on fourth dimension,
    he was
    very motivated and
    he was
    a good leader.
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Wrong Examples

Parallel constructor errors are italicized.

  • Mary wanted to make sure she fabricated her presentation
    creatively,
    effectively
    and
    persuaded others.
    (“Persuaded others” is not parallel with the other listing items.)
  • Tim was considered to exist a good employee because
    he was
    e’er on time,
    he was
    very motivated and
    led the team well. (“Led the team well” is not parallel with the other list items.)

Parallel Construction in Verb Tense

Keep in listen that parallel construction should be used when it comes to verb tense. Your verb tenses should always match.

Correct Examples

The bold words in these examples are all past tense, which means they are examples of parallel construction.

  • She
    wrote
    a letter and
    mailed
    information technology to the school.
  • Yesterday we
    watched
    a movie,
    played
    video games and
    made
    pizza.

Wrong Examples

The examples below mix tenses. The problematic wording is italicized.

  • She
    writes
    a alphabetic character and
    mailed
    it to the school. (This mixes present and by tense; both words should be the same tense.)
  • Yesterday we watched a motion picture, play video games and made pizza. (“Watched” and “made” are past tense, but “play” is present tense. It should exist “played” since the sentence specifies this took identify in the past.)

The Importance of Parallel Structure

Parallel structure provides flow in a sentence. It keeps your writing balanced and makes it easier to read. It likewise shows that ideas are of equal importance. Errors in parallel construction can make your writing sound strange to listeners. Many tests, including the SAT, will require you to place parallel structure errors as a ways of testing your writing abilities. To further expand your cognition about parallel structure in writing, review these examples of parallelism in literature and rhetoric.

Which Sentence Correctly Uses Parallel Structure

Source: https://examples.yourdictionary.com/parallel-structure-examples.html