How Did the Catholic Church Respond to the Ninety-five Theses

How Did the Catholic Church Respond to the Ninety-five Theses

On October 31, 1517, fable has it that the priest and scholar Martin Luther approaches the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, and nails a piece of newspaper to it containing the 95 revolutionary opinions that would begin the Protestant Reformation.

In his theses, Luther condemned the excesses and corruption of the Roman Catholic Church, especially the papal do of asking payment—called “indulgences”—for the forgiveness of sins. At the time, a Dominican priest named Johann Tetzel, commissioned by the Archbishop of Mainz and Pope Leo X, was in the midst of a major fundraising campaign in Germany to finance the renovation of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. Though Prince Frederick 3 the Wise had banned the sale of indulgences in Wittenberg, many church members traveled to purchase them. When they returned, they showed the pardons they had bought to Luther, claiming they no longer had to repent for their sins.

READ More: Martin Luther Might Not Have Nailed His 95 Theses to the Church Door

Luther’south frustration with this practice led him to write the 95 Theses, which were quickly snapped upward, translated from Latin into High german and distributed widely. A re-create made its mode to Rome, and efforts began to convince Luther to alter his tune. He refused to keep silent, however, and in 1521 Pope Leo 10 formally excommunicated Luther from the Cosmic Church. That aforementioned twelvemonth, Luther once more refused to recant his writings before the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V of Germany, who issued the famous Edict of Worms declaring Luther an outlaw and a heretic and giving permission for anyone to kill him without consequence. Protected by Prince Frederick, Luther began working on a German translation of the Bible, a task that took ten years to complete.

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The term “Protestant” get-go appeared in 1529, when Charles V revoked a provision that allowed the ruler of each German language state to choose whether they would enforce the Edict of Worms. A number of princes and other supporters of Luther issued a protest, declaring that their allegiance to God trumped their allegiance to the emperor. They became known to their opponents equally Protestants; gradually this name came to employ to all who believed the Church building should be reformed, even those outside Germany. By the time Luther died, of natural causes, in 1546, his revolutionary beliefs had formed the basis for the Protestant Reformation, which would over the next iii centuries revolutionize Western civilization.




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How Did the Catholic Church Respond to the Ninety-five Theses

Source: https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/martin-luther-posts-95-theses