Which Best Describes the Importance of Mitosis to Living Organisms

Which Best Describes the Importance of Mitosis to Living Organisms

Table of Contents

  • Biodiversity
  • Types of Biodiversity
  • Importance of Biodiversity
  • Biodiversity in Republic of india

Biodiversity Definition

“Biodiversity is the variation amid living organisms from different sources including terrestrial, marine and desert ecosystems, and the ecological complexes of which they are a part.”

What is Biodiversity?

Biodiversity describes the richness and diverseness of life on globe. It is the most circuitous and of import feature of our planet. Without biodiversity, life would not sustain.

The term biodiversity was coined in 1985. It is important in natural also every bit artificial ecosystems. It deals with nature’s variety, the biosphere. It refers to variabilities among plants, animals and microorganism species.

Biodiversity includes the number of different organisms and their relative frequencies in an ecosystem. It also reflects the arrangement of organisms at different levels.

Biodiversity holds ecological and economic significance. Information technology provides us with nourishment, housing, fuel, clothing and several other resources. It also extracts monetary benefits through tourism. Therefore, information technology is very important to have a practiced knowledge of biodiversity for a sustainable livelihood.

Also Read:Flagship Species

Types of Biodiversity

There are the following iii different types of biodiversity:

  • Genetic Biodiversity
  • Species Biodiversity
  • Ecological Biodiversity

Types of Biodiversity

Species diversity

Species diversity refers to the variety of different types of species plant in a particular area. It is the biodiversity at the most basic level. It includes all the species ranging from plants to dissimilar microorganisms.

No two individuals of the same species are exactly like. For example, humans show a lot of diversity amid themselves.

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Genetic diversity

It refers to the variations amidst the genetic resources of the organisms. Every individual of a particular species differs from each other in their genetic constitution. That is why every homo looks unlike from each other. Similarly, at that place are different varieties in the same species of rice, wheat, maize, barley, etc.

Ecological variety

An ecosystem is a collection of living and not-living organisms and their interaction with each other. Ecological biodiversity refers to the variations in the plant and animate being species living together and continued by food chains and food webs.

Information technology is the diversity observed amid the different ecosystems in a region. Diversity in different ecosystems like deserts, rainforests, mangroves, etc., include ecological diversity.

Likewise Read:Biodiversity in Plants and Animals

Importance of Biodiversity

Biodiversity and its maintenance are very important for sustaining life on earth. A few of the reasons explaining the importance of biodiversity are:

Ecological Stability

Every species has a specific role in an ecosystem. They capture and store energy and also produce and decompose organic matter. The ecosystem supports the services without which humans cannot survive. A diverse ecosystem is more productive and tin can withstand environmental stress.

Economic Importance

Biodiversity is a reservoir of resources for the manufacture of food, cosmetic products and pharmaceuticals.

Crops livestock, fishery, and forests are a rich sources of food.

Wild plants such every bit Cinchona and Foxglove plant are used for medicinal purposes.

Wood, fibres, perfumes, lubricants, rubber, resins, poison and cork are all derived from unlike constitute species.

The national parks and sanctuaries are a source of tourism. They are a source of beauty and joy for many people.

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Upstanding Importance

All species have a correct to exist. Humans should not cause their voluntary extinction. Biodiversity preserves dissimilar cultures and spiritual heritage. Therefore, it is very important to conserve biodiversity.

Biodiversity in Republic of india

India is one of the most diverse nations in the earth. Information technology ranks ninth in terms of found species richness. Two of the world’south 25 biodiversity hotspots are found in Bharat. It is the origin of important crop species such equally dove pea, eggplant, cucumber, cotton wool and sesame. India is besides a centre of various domesticated species such as millets, cereals, legumes, vegetables, medicinal and aromatic crops, etc.

Bharat is equally diverse in its faunal wealth. There are about 91000 animate being species plant hither.

Still, variety is depleting at a desperate rate and various programmes on biodiversity conservation are existence launched to conserve nature.

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To know more than nigh what is biodiversity, its definition, types and importance of biodiversity, keep visiting BYJU’S or download the BYJU’S app for further reference.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is biodiversity?

Biodiversity is the variation among living organisms from different sources including terrestrial, marine and desert ecosystems, and the ecological complexes of which they are a office.

What are the different types of biodiversity?

The three types of biodiversity are:

  • Species Variety
  • Genetic Diversity
  • Ecological Multifariousness

What is ecological diversity?

Ecological biodiversity refers to the variations in the found and animal species living together and connected past food chains and food webs.

What is the role of biodiversity in maintaining environmental residue?

Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how pocket-size, all has an important function to play. For instance, A larger number of plant species means a greater diversity of crops. Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms.

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What is the importance of biodiversity?

Importance of Biodiversity: Biodiversity has a number of functions on the Earth. These are as follows:

  1. Maintaining the balance of the ecosystem: Recycling and storage of nutrients, combating pollution, stabilizing climate, protecting water resources, forming and protecting soil and maintaining eco-balance
  2. Provision of biological resources: Provision of medicines and pharmaceuticals, food for the man population and animals, ornamental plants, wood products, breeding stock and diversity of species, ecosystems and genes.
  3. Social benefits: Recreation and tourism, cultural value and teaching and enquiry.

Explore more:

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Which Best Describes the Importance of Mitosis to Living Organisms

Source: https://byjus.com/biology/biodiversity/