Trigger finger (besides chosen stenosing tenosynovitis) is a condition where it’s hard to fully bend or straighten i or more of your fingers. When a finger gets stuck in the aptitude position, it can await like your hand is holding downward a trigger — and that’s where this condition gets its name. Trigger finger most usually affects the ring finger. When it affects the thumb, it’s called trigger thumb.
Trigger finger affects about two in 100 people in the The states. Anyone tin can get trigger finger, but information technology’s more common in women and older adults. The skilful news is that treatments can relieve hurting from trigger finger and restore your range of motion. Learn more than about trigger finger and how to cure it.
Symptoms of trigger finger can vary from person to person, and you may have issues in one or more fingers on one or both hands. Common symptoms of trigger finger include:
- Pain, stiffness or a popping or snapping awareness when you bend your finger
- Fingers that become stuck or locked in a aptitude position — or that you can’t fully straighten
- A bloated or lumpy area on the palm of your manus
- Soreness in your palm or at the base of the affected fingers that gets worse when you try to grip something
When fingers get stuck in the aptitude position, you may detect that you need to use your other hand to straighten them out again. For most people, symptoms tend to exist worse in the morning and improve as you lot gently move and utilise your hands throughout the 24-hour interval.
If you lot have symptoms of trigger finger, come across your doctor right away. You lot don’t need any tests to get a diagnosis — your doctor can check for trigger finger with a unproblematic physical exam of your hands and by talking with you about your symptoms.
What Causes Trigger Finger? Am I at Risk?
When you move your fingers, you’re using tendons that connect the bones of each finger to the muscles in your forearms. Each tendon moves inside a sheath of tissue that lets it slide back and along easily every bit you lot curve and straighten your fingers.
When the tendons or sheaths get irritated, they groovy up — and this swelling stops the tendons from sliding easily within their sheaths. Over fourth dimension, this irritation tin crusade scarring and form nodules (bumps) along the tendon. This makes it fifty-fifty harder for the fingers to motion freely and leads to the popping or snapping sensations of trigger finger.
In about cases, it’s not clear what causes the irritation. But you lot’re at higher adventure for trigger finger if you lot:
- Accept arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or diabetes
- Had surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome
- Take spent a lot of time doing activities that involve repetitive gripping motions with your hands — like playing a musical instrument
How to Cure Trigger Finger: Treatments and Therapies
Treatments for trigger finger aim to reduce the irritation and pain around your tendons and restore the range of motion in your fingers. Doctors frequently recommend trying non-surgical treatments first, and trying surgery only if other treatments don’t work. Acquire about the five primary treatments for trigger finger:
Giving your easily a break from activities that can put stress on your tendons tin can sometimes help to ease symptoms. If your piece of work involves repeated gripping motions, your physician may recommend taking some fourth dimension off to let your hands recover.
Your doctor may recommend attaching a splint to the affected finger or taping ii fingers together. Both of these methods go on the affected finger extended and let the irritated tendon to rest and heal. If splinting interferes with your daily activities, you tin habiliment the splint only at night.
Gentle finger exercises can help with stiffness and brand information technology easier to extend and curve your fingers without hurting. Your doctor can recommend particular stretches and tell you how ofttimes to do them. They may also refer you to a specialist called a physical therapist for aid with stretching and hand exercises.
4. NSAIDs (Not-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatories)
NSAIDs are medicines that work to reduce inflammation — including the irritation and swelling around tendons from trigger finger. These medicines are available over-the-counter. Simply earlier taking NSAIDs, talk with your doctor about your medical history to make certain these medicines are condom for you.
iv. Steroid Injections
If rest, splints, stretches and NSAIDs don’t work, your doctor may recommend a steroid injection. Your doctor can give you a shot of steroid medicine into the tendon sheath. Steroids can help reduce inflammation and allow the tendon to move back and forth more easily. In some cases, a single steroid injection is all yous need. In other cases, y’all may need repeated injections to resolve your symptoms.
5. Surgery for Trigger Finger
If other treatment options don’t work, your doctor may recommend surgery. In that location are two unlike procedures that can exist constructive for trigger finger:
- In percutaneous (through the peel) release surgery, the doc will numb the palm of your hand and use a needle to gently break up the scar tissue blocking the movement of your tendon. You can get this procedure at your physician’s office.
- In open trigger finger surgery, the physician will numb your hand and make a pocket-sized cut at the base of the finger. Then they’ll cutting the tendon sheath to help the tendon motility freely. You’ll get this process in an operating room.
After surgery for trigger finger, it commonly takes about two to three weeks to recover, and you lot may accept some swelling in your hand for several months. Your hand will be sore later surgery, only you’ll need to start gently moving your fingers right away to assistance them heal. Most people have less pain and a better range of motion in their fingers subsequently surgery.
If your trigger finger symptoms were caused past repetitive motions, they may come up back when you start doing those activities once again. Talk with your doctor right abroad if you discover symptoms of trigger finger. Together, you can make a plan to treat your symptoms and go your hands moving freely once again.
- “Trigger Finger” via Mayo Clinic
- “Trigger Finger” via OrthoInfo (American University of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
- “Trigger Finger and Trigger Pollex” via Cleveland Clinic
- “Trigger Finger (Stenosing Flexor Tenosynovitis)” via UpToDate
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