A Clique is a Group of __________

Group of individuals who interact preferentially with 1 some other

Cane, or ), in the social sciences, is a group of individuals who interact with ane some other and share similar interests.[1]
Interacting with cliques is part of normative social development regardless of gender, ethnicity, or popularity. Although cliques are most normally studied during adolescence and middle childhood evolution, they exist in all age groups. They are oft bound together past shared social characteristics such as ethnicity and socioeconomic status.[2]
Examples of mutual or stereotypical adolescent cliques include athletes, nerds, and “outsiders”.[3]

Typically, people in a clique will not have a completely open friend group and can, therefore, “ban” members if they practice something considered unacceptable, such as talking to someone disliked. Some cliques tend to isolate themselves every bit a group and view themselves as superior to others, which can be demonstrated through bullying and other antisocial behaviors.[4]



Within the concepts of sociology, cliques are a germination of two or more individuals who share bonding characteristics that allow for them to identify with one some other to form a social network. Those within the group communicate and associate with one some other more than those outside of the group.[5]
The formation of cliques can be identified within different social environments throughout the course of their lives. One person may exist office of multiple cliques, each forming and functioning independently from ane some other. Cliques are relevant in society due to the social influence or peer pressure that results from the interactions with individuals who share a mutual feature. The outcomes associated with clique formations may be countless, with varying degrees of influence.[6]
And then, a formal clique, such every bit a professional person arrangement, would accept a different kind of influence as compared to a social clique consisting of close friends.


In their article “Social Isolation In America”,[vii]
Paolo Parigi and Warner Henson Two define social isolation as “the degree of apartness of an entity; [which] may have structural or subjective interpretations.”[eight]
Social isolation may occur when cliques set up themselves apart from other groups.

A clique tin also involve a high degree of social delivery to a specific group. A stronger level of commitment results in an individual having a reduced amount of interaction with other social groups. Cliquish behavior often involves repetition apropos activities, vernacular, preferences, and style, resulting in disharmonize with other cliques, creating “outsiders.” Individuals tin can also experience social isolation within their own clique if their values and/or behavior brainstorm to differ from the remainder of the group.



Different factors affect the mode cliques are established and who is included within their membership[
citation needed
. In some cases, people are subconsciously placed in a clique by association. For example, joining a basketball squad ordinarily causes others to perceive you as an “athlete automatically.” Many people may gravitate toward a clique subconsciously through how they are perceived or whom they may exist associated with.

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Sharing like interests is the almost mutual way cliques are formed. Every bit people interact with each other doing the simple things they relish doing, they may observe themselves drifting towards or becoming attracted to others who share the same passion. This usually causes one to gain confidence by being surrounded by people who share similar interests, and information technology may crusade an individual to feel more socially accepted[
citation needed

Ethnicity usually plays a part according to the setting or time frame. In today’s society, race still is prevalent, and therefore, cliques solely based on race have been formed[
citation needed

Members of cliques often create their ain distinct clothes code and uniquely communicate with one another. As a outcome, this makes a clique unique and reassures each member that they belong to that specific group. As these cliques come together, it isn’t hard to distinguish i from the other. For example, Deadheads, the followers of the band The Grateful Dead, identify one some other with various forms of tie-dyed habiliment.

Interactions amid members of a clique can also lead to organized social events, such equally parties, pregnant dates, or private meetings. Clique members have a potent delivery to their respective groups. In regards to this, beingness nowadays at social events is seen every bit mandatory[
citation needed
. Considering this, it shows the firmness of cliques and how people ultimately conform to these specific groups.

Tina Abbott in her book “Social and Personality Development” describes how these members arrange to their specific group. “Conformity to peer groups is a prerequisite to achieving independence and autonomy every bit an developed… As the immature person struggles to get independent from their parents, they apply the security provided past the peer group and the self-confidence that comes with it, to take the final step towards independence”.[9]



Homophily is how people tend to link up with others because they share similar characteristics. The existence of homophily is also very prevalent in today’southward society. This concept tin be seen as a possible master crusade of clique germination.

On the subject of homophily, people come together and link upwards for many different reasons. The near typical reason is people who are shut in a location easily bail with each other. Also, people who meet through the family, workplace, or any activeness that places people in contact with others often form personal relationships.

In some cases, the impact of homophily tin can be seen when people in cliques get married.

Network formation


This involves meeting new people to form relationships and work together to gain meliorate opportunities. Some people find that beingness associated with a clique is a way to find or gain a meliorate chance at success. For example, many join a sorority or fraternity to gain an advantage at getting a chore because they may exist hired by someone affiliated. Cliques become hand in hand in the way people network and are especially prevalent for those looking for jobs.[x]

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Every clique has some form of organization that makes upwards the network of social interaction.[xi]
Breezy clique networks are groups that do non take a legitimate organizational structure in which they can be established and dissolved in a shorter time period. An informal clique may consist of a person’s friend group or co-workers while also identifying other more informal groups, such as criminal gangs.[12]
On the other hand, a formal clique is a group with a socially accustomed organization that is hierarchical in structure. A formal clique is equanimous of members who have identifiable roles and interactions with 1 another and is found in numerous professional organizations, businesses, and even family structure. Civilization is a very influential factor in the organization of clique structures considering the boundaries established through differences in cultural aspects are persistent, even when the membership varies from time to time. For example, the differences in linguistic communication, behavior, traditions, etc. take always created a distinct separation or boundary between groups of people fifty-fifty though the grouping members are constantly changing.[13]



The formation and deformation of clique structures do non end with adolescence, even though the number of interactions with clique groups decreases, and the blazon of groups may change. As individuals become adults, their social interpretations alter, and their cliques originate from their firsthand environment, rather than from common social characteristics.[14]
A clique should non be confused with a crowd considering the smaller size and specific boundaries of a group is what causes the group formation to exist considered a clique. A clique can develop in several dissimilar ways and within environments that consist of individuals who interact regularly. The structural cohesion of the clique is the constant face-to-face interaction between members that can either create or dissolve the grouping, depending upon the level of interaction. If face-to-face interaction is regularly established, then cohesion between individuals will grade. Withal, if the face-to-face interaction depreciates, and so the cohesive social bond between said individuals will eventually dissolve.[15]


A clique may inhibit external social influence by impacting the emotions, opinions, or behaviors of group members.[16]
In that location are many means in which the perception of information between members in a clique can influence other members on a greater level than if they had received the aforementioned information from a unlike source. For example, receiving information from a close friend or family fellow member is interpreted and responded to differently from receiving the same information from someone who is not within the clique structure. The satisfaction, interaction, and closeness of an individual’s clique groups develop and change throughout the years. Notwithstanding, there is e’er a constant morphing of both the individual and the group as time goes on.[17]

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Run across also


  • Adolescent cliques
  • Conduce
  • Clique in communication groups from Dunbar’southward number



  1. ^

    Salkind, Neil (2008-01-01). “Cliques”.
    Encyclopedia of educational psychology. Sage Publications.

  2. ^

    Labrum, Chris. “Cliques: Poverty & Prejudice: Gangs of All Colors”. EDGE. Retrieved
    10 February

  3. ^

    Kelly, J. (2012, March 8). Some of the more common types of cliques found include: jocks, cheerleaders, mean girls, foreigners, gamers, sluts, hipsters, hippies, arty intellectuals, gangsters, stoners/slackers, scenesters, punks, preps, skaters, goths, emos, skinheads, geeks/nerds, athletic girls, “cool kids,” and drifters. x Types of Teens: A Field Guide to Teenagers.
    TLC Family. Retrieved Oct 31, 2012

  4. ^

    “Peer Relationships | Adolescent Psychology”.
    . Retrieved

  5. ^

    Tichy, Noel (1973). “An Analysis of Clique Formation and Structure in Organizations”.
    Administrative Science Quarterly.
    (2): 194–208. doi:ten.2307/2392063. JSTOR 2392063.

  6. ^

    Miller, Delbert C. (1958). “Decision-making Cliques in Customs Power Structures: A Comparative Study of an American and English City”.
    American Journal of Sociology.
    (iii): 299–310. doi:ten.1086/222473. JSTOR 2773197. S2CID 143758716.

  7. ^

    “Paolo Parigi – Department of Folklore – Stanford University”
    (PDF). Archived from the original
    on 2015-06-20.

  8. ^

    Parigi Paolo, and Warner Henson Ii. “Social Isolation in America.” Annual Review of Sociology. Annual Review of Sociology, 2014. Web. 04 Mar. 2016.

  9. ^

    Abbott, Tina. “Do Peer Influence Conformity?”
    Social and Personality Development. Hove, East Sussex: Routledge, 2001. 94. Print.

  10. ^

    Berman, Evan M. (17 December 2002). “Workplace Relations: Friendship Patterns and Consequences (According to Managers)”.
    Public Administration Review.
    (2): 217–230. doi:10.1111/0033-3352.00172.

  11. ^

    Peay, Edmund R. (1974). “Hierarchail Clique Structures”.
    (one): 54–65. doi:10.2307/2786466. JSTOR 2786466.

  12. ^

    Krackhardt, David; Stern, Robert N. (1988). “Informal Networks and Organizational Crises: An Experimental Simulation”.
    Social Psychology Quarterly.
    (2): 123–140. doi:10.2307/2786835. JSTOR 2786835.

  13. ^

    Barth, Fredrik (1998-03-xi).
    Ethnic Groups and Boundaries: The Social Organisation of Culture Difference. Waveland Press. ISBN9781478607953.

  14. ^

    Carstensen, Laura L. “Social and Emotional Patterns in Adulthood: Back up For Socioemotional Theory”.
    APA PsycNET. US: American Psychological Association. Retrieved
    30 March

  15. ^

    Friedkin, Noah East. (1984-02-01). “Structural Cohesion and Equivalence Explanations of Social Homogeneity”.
    Sociological Methods & Research.
    (3): 235–261. doi:10.1177/0049124184012003001. ISSN 0049-1241. S2CID 119377795.

  16. ^

    Hochschild, Arlie Russell (1979). “Emotion work, Feeling Rules, and Social Structure”.
    American Journal of Folklore.
    (3): 551–575. doi:10.1086/227049. JSTOR 2778583. S2CID 143485249.

  17. ^

    Carstensen, Laura 50. “Social and Emotional Patterns in Adulthood: Support For Socioemotional Theory”.
    APA PsycNET. U.s.a.: American Psychological Association. Retrieved
    30 March

External links


  • The dictionary definition of
    at Wiktionary

A Clique is a Group of __________

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clique