Chapter 4 Safe Driving Rules & Regulations
1. Exceeding the speed limit is a mutual contributing factor of: Fatal and other types of accidents
2. 2. New Bailiwick of jersey police sets top speed limits for whatsoever given road, street, highway, or pike. List them: • 25 mph- Schoolhouse zones, business concern or residential districts • 35 mph- Suburban business concern and residential districts • 50 mph- Non-posted rural roadways • 55 mph- Certain state highways (as posted) and all interstates. • 65 mph- Certain interstates (as posted)
three. Never bulldoze faster than: Conditions, route or other conditions safely allow, regardless of the posted speed limit.
4. 4. A motorist should slow down to exist able to: Meet clearly and stop quickly in traffic.
5. Always slow down: Ø On narrow or winding roads Ø At intersections or railroad crossings Ø On hills Ø At precipitous or blind curves Ø Where in that location are pedestrians or driving hazards Ø When the road is wet or slippery
6. If vehicle bug prevent a motorist from keeping up with the normal flow of traffic, he/she should: Ø Pull off the road and activate hazard lights
7. A motorist should ever endeavour to keep up with the: Normal flow of traffic, while not exceeding the posted speed limit.
8. The SAFE CORRIDORS Police: (N. J. S. A. 39: four -203. 5) In an effort to amend highway safety, New Jersey initiated the Prophylactic Corridors Programme, which was signed into constabulary in July 2003. The Condom Corridors police force doubles fines on diverse state highways for a diversity of driving offenses, including speeding and aggressive driving. Highways are designated as condom based on statistics showing crash rates 50 percent over the land charge per unit and one, 000 or more crashes reported over a 3-year catamenia. The Commissioner of Transportation has the authority to designate highways as necessary, too as to remove those that show improved safety levels. The law took event on February 15, 2004. A current listing of Condom Corridor highways is bachelor on the New Bailiwick of jersey Department of Transportation Spider web site at www. nj. gov/transportation.
ix. Passing is only safe when in that location is: No oncoming traffic.
ten. Scout for the post-obit lane markings: • Both center lines are solid: No passing allowed. • One center line is broken: Passing is immune only on the side with the broken line. • Both heart lines are cleaved: Passing is allowed on both sides. Note: All passing must be completed before the center lines are solid over again.
11. Passing on the right is allowed merely on roads with: a. More than than i lane going in the aforementioned direction b. If vehicles on the roadway are moving in two or more than essentially continuous lines c. When the motorist ahead is making a left plow and there is room to pass
12. Never laissez passer on the right: Shoulder of the Road!
thirteen. A motorist should not laissez passer: • on a hill or a curve, or at any time you lot cannot run into far enough ahead; • at a street crossing or intersection; • at a railroad crossing; • on narrow bridges, or in underpasses, or tunnels; • when a sign tells you not to pass or there is a solid yellow line on your side of the centre line marking; • when a vehicle in front of you has stopped to let a pedestrian cross.
14. The laws of New Jersey crave motorist to keep: To the correct except when passing
15. Although laws govern the right-of-style, a motorist should always exist prepared to yield to: Emergency Vehicles police ambulance burn trucks Buses: when re-entering the menstruum of traffic Postal vehicles: when vehicle is seeking to re-enter the menstruation of traffic Pedestrians: when in a crosswalk or seeking to cross a route Motorized or mobility-assistance devices: when in a crosswalk or seeking to cantankerous a route Other vehicles that are already in the intersection
16. When it comes to pedestrians, a motorist must: a. Yield to pedestrians in crosswalks. (Per N. J. S. A 39: 4 -36, failure to yield carries a $500 fine, up to 15 days in jail and a 2 -betoken license penalty. ). b. Watch for pedestrians when turning right on ruby-red. c. Obey speed limits. d. Exist certain non to block or park in crosswalks. e. Keep the vehicle’s windshield clean for maximum visibility. f. Exist alarm for pedestrians at all times. g. Be aware of areas where pedestrians are most likely to appear (near schools, town centers, residential neighborhoods, parks). h. Never pass some other vehicle that has stopped to yield to a pedestrian. i. Yield the correct-of-way to all pedestrians in a crosswalk, even if they began crossing with a proper signal and they are still in the crosswalk when the signal changes. j. Recall that pedestrians are the almost vulnerable roadway users. Motorists will exist held responsible for maintaining pedestrian safety.
17. An intersection is where: Two or more roads cantankerous or merge at angles. Equally most collisions occur at intersections, a motorist should exist aware of the three types of intersections and know how to safely navigate through them.
18. A single solid white line across a route at an intersection means that a motorist must: behind the line for a traffic signal or sign
xix. An intersection is controlled if there are: traffic signals or signs in any direction or controlled by a constabulary officer
20. At a multi-way stop or cease intersection: A motorist must yield to the motorist on the right if both motorists get there at the aforementioned time.
21. A motorist should always yield to another motorist already stopped: At the intersection!
22. At an intersection controlled by a yield sign: A motorist must slow downwardly and yield to traffic on the intersecting roadway, fifty-fifty if he/she has to stop.
23. When making a Left Turn at an intersection: A motorist must yield to oncoming traffic and to stop for pedestrians inside the crosswalk
24. An intersection is uncontrolled when: 2 or more roads join and there is no traffic signal or regulatory device.
25. Buildings, parked vehicles or bushes may obstruct… A motorist’s line of sight
26. There are no set rules for driving into, effectually and…. . Out of a traffic circle in New Jersey
27. Motorists enter these roadways by fashion of…. . Dispatch LANES
28. Y’all should keep what in mind when entering a highway, parkway or turnpike: • Obey posted advisory speed limits (if any) at the entrance ramp. • Speed upward to the period of traffic when leaving the acceleration lane. • Avoid coming to a consummate stop in the acceleration lane. • Yield to traffic and enter the right-hand lane when rubber.
29. In most cases, exit ramps or deceleration lanes, which are actress lanes at a highway exit, are located : On the right side of the roadway
xxx. If a motorist misses an exit ramp on a highway, parkway or turnpike, He/she should get to the side by side exit.
31. Keep the post-obit points in heed when leaving a highway, parkway or turnpike. • Commencement slowing downwards when entering a deceleration lane. • Obey the posted advisory speed limit of the deceleration lane. • When the exit is located on the left of a roadway, look for signs that will direct traffic to the proper lane for exiting. • If you miss an get out, go along to the next one. • Never back up on an exit ramp or DECELERATION LANE.
32. A weave lane is both an: entrance and an get out for an throughway
33. If a motorist’s vehicle becomes disabled, he/she must: • Pull off as far as possible onto the shoulder or median. • Turn on emergency flashers. • Heighten the hood to indicate for assistance. • Stay in the vehicle and lock the doors. • Inquire anyone who stops to go to a phone and phone call for assistance. • Not get into a stranger’south vehicle.
34. A motorist should always stay alert for: Structure-expanse warning signs
35. A motorist should always stay alarm for cost booth signs and: Begin reducing speed early, as traffic may be backed upward at the booth
36. The all-time way to enter a bend is to : Slow down earlier entering and avoid drifting into another lane
37. Unless a No Turn on Red sign is posted, New Jersey law authorizes a: Right plow on a Blood-red light after a motorist comes to a full terminate and checks for traffic
38. A motorist must yield to all oncoming traffic and pedestrians earlier: Turning right at a red light
39. To make a safe right plow, A motorist should arroyo the intersection as far to the right as possible, keeping near to the curb or parked vehicles
Left Turns (N. J. S. A. 39: iv -123) 40. Left turns, two vehicles: When two vehicles come across at an intersection and both accept signaled to plough left, extra caution must be practical. When prophylactic, each motorist should turn to the left of the center of the intersection. 41. Left turn from a one-way route on to a ane-way route: Budgeted the turn in the left lane, the motorist should turn into the left lane of the road he/she is inbound. 42. Left plow from a two-way road onto a ii-way route: Approach the turn every bit close as possible to the line nearest to the center of the road. When turning, the vehicle should not cross lane markings. The motorist should keep to the right of the center line of the route that the vehicle is inbound.
Left Turns (N. J. S. A. 39: 4 -123) 43. Left turns, between intersections: Between intersections, solid lines show when non to laissez passer. However, these lines may be crossed with intendance when inbound or leaving driveways in business or residential areas. 44. Left turn from a two-way road onto a four-lane highway: Approach the plough as close to the center line of the right side of the road equally possible. Brand the turn earlier reaching the eye of the intersection.
45. Signs, signals and traffic rules betoken when: • A motorist should stop!
46. A motorist should never try to shell a: Traffic light alter
47. A motorist must Stop: § at an intersection with a stop sign; § where at that place is a carmine light; * § where there is a flashing ruby-red light; § when a traffic officer orders you to end; ** § when there is a yield sign and traffic on the through route is too close; § when a school bus is picking up or letting off children and/or the reddish lights are flashing; § when coming from an aisle, individual driveway, or edifice; § at a bridge bridge which is about to open for boat traffic; § for a blind pedestrian using a white or metallic colored walking cane, or a trained guide canis familiaris, or a guide dog teacher engaged in instructing a guide domestic dog; § at a railroad crossing; § for a pedestrian in a crosswalk or at an intersection.
48. Alert devices include? Accelerate warning signs, pavement markings in front of a railroad crossing, flashing lights (usually on railroad crossing signs), gates or gates with flashing lights, bells and flag signals.
49. Motorist must stop at least how many feet from railroad crossings when there are flashing lights, bells or flag signals? • fifteen FEET
50. Some vehicles, such a school buses or vehicles carrying hazardous materials, must: ALWAYS Finish AT RAILROAD CROSSINGS
51. If a vehicle stalls on the tracks, and the motorist sees a train coming, He/she should exit and walk clear of the tracks. (Most trains need more than a mile to cease, if traveling at 60 mph or more than)
52. State law requires motorists to stop at to the lowest degree ___feet abroad if he/she is traveling: • 25 feet • On a 2-lane road or on a multi-lane highway.
53. When budgeted or overtaking an ice cream or frozen dessert truck from either direction, And the truck is flashing red lights and posting a stop bespeak arm, a motorist must: • Yield the right-of-way to any person who is crossing the roadway to or from the truck. • Sentinel out for children and be prepared to terminate. • Stop, and so drive past the truck at a slow speed of no more than xv mph.
New Jersey law requires all motorists to yield to emergency vehicles when they audio sirens and/or flashing ruddy and/or blue emergency lights. A motorist should steer to the farthermost right of the roadway, terminate and look for the vehicle to pass. 54. Afterward, the motorist should proceed at least 300 feet backside a signaling emergency vehicle
55. A motorist should never park within 200 anxiety of a burn down department vehicle in service: or drive over a burn down hose unless directed to do so by a fire, emergency rescue or police official.
56) MOVE OVER LAW New Jersey’s “Move Over Law” requires that all motorists budgeted a stationary, authorized emergency vehicle, tow truck, highway maintenance or other emergency service vehicle that is displaying a flashing, blinking or alternating red, blue, amber or yellowish light or, whatever configuration of lights containing 1 of these colors, must change lanes, safety and traffic weather permitting, into a lane not side by side to the authorized vehicle. If a lane change is impossible, prohibited past law or unsafe, the motorist must reduce the speed of his/her vehicle to a reasonable and proper speed that is lower than the posted speed limit and be prepared to terminate, if necessary. Motorists who violate this police face a fine of not less than $100 and not more than than $500. (C. 39: 492. two and 39: 3 -84. 6)
57) Headlights must exist used: • between one-half hour after sunset and ane-half hour before sunrise.
58) Headlights have 2 sets of beams: • vivid (high) and dim (depression), which are controlled past a switch or push button on or near the dashboard. • The bright beam is for open up-state driving when there is no traffic in sight. The bright beam helps a motorist see further ahead and peripherally or at a wider angle. At night, a motorist’s pupils are dilated, allowing more light to help in the ability to see. Vivid beams can momentarily blind other motorists past constricting the pupils and should not exist used if other vehicles are approaching or when driving behind another vehicle. Information technology tin can take three to five seconds for a motorist to recover from the glare of approaching high-beam headlights. At a speed of 50 mph, a motorist will accept traveled the length of a football field while being unable to run across. If a vehicle is approaching with high beams, a motorist should look to the right of the road until the vehicle passes. Never wink high beams at an approaching motorist. • The dim beams are used for city driving and driving in traffic on roadways. Dim beams are focused downward on the road. Dim beams are used when traveling behind other vehicles or when another vehicle is approaching.
59. Other Types Of Lights: • Parking lights: These lights are to be used for a short period of time, such as when a vehicle is left in a permitted zone, to show other motorists where a vehicle is parked. Parking lights are required on vehicles parked in areas other than business or residential zones. • Tail lights: These lights turn on at the same time as a vehicle’s headlights and parking lights. They become brighter when a motorist applies the brakes to testify that he/she is slowing or stopping. During the day, without headlights, the taillights also turn on as a motorist applies the brakes. • Brake lights: These lights become brighter when a motorist applies the brakes, showing that the vehicle is slowing or stopping. • Interim (overhead) lights: Establish inside the vehicle, these types of lights should be used only briefly (when necessary) when driving or to comply with a police officer’s asking to illuminate the motorist’due south compartment of the vehicle when stopped. • Dashboard lights: If dashboard lights are also brilliant, they may create a glare for the motorist and impede vision. The lights should be kept dim just still light plenty for a motorist to read the dials. • Spotlights: These types of lights should be used only in emergencies. This besides applies to emergency flashers (hazard lights). Spotlights may not exist used for driving purposes. • Fog lights: These auxiliary driving lights may be used with low-beam headlights to provide general lighting ahead of a motor vehicle, specifically during foggy weather conditions (N. J. A. C. 13: 20 -32. 25).
60. A motorist should e’er check for traffic when : • leaving a vehicle after parking
61. DO Not PARK: • on a crosswalk or sidewalk; • between a safety zone for pedestrians and the adjacent curb, or 20 anxiety of the cease of the safety zone; • near properly marked street construction; • within 25 feet of a crosswalk at an intersection or side line of a street or intersection highway, except at alleys; • within l anxiety of a railroad crossing; • inside 50 feet of a stop sign; • inside 20 anxiety of the driveway entrance to any fire station and within 75 feet on the street opposite a fire station entrance; • on an interstate highway; • in a bus end zone; • in front of a public or private driveway; • on any bridge, elevated roadway or in any tunnel; • within an intersection; • • within ten feet of a fire hydrant; adjacent to some other vehicle parked at the curb (double parking); • an expanse where parking is prohibited by municipal ordinance
CELLULAR PHONES 62. State constabulary prohibits the apply of handheld electronic devices (e. g. , cellular telephones) while driving a motor vehicle on whatever public road or highway. • As of March 1, 2008, using a handheld cellular telephone or texting device is a primary offense. Law enforcement may stop and cite a motorist specifically for these actions. Motorists are permitted to apply a hands-costless cellular phone if it does not interfere with any federally required rubber equipment or with the safe operation of the vehicle. Although the use of a hands-free cellular phone is legal, information technology is strongly discouraged. 63. A handheld cellular telephone may be used only in certain emergency situations, which include: • Burn down • Traffic blow • Serious road hazard • Medical emergency • Hazardous material emergency Motorists in the to a higher place-mentioned circumstances must continue one mitt on the steering wheel while using a handheld telephone. To prove legal utilise of a handheld telephone while operating a motor vehicle, a motorist may be asked to produce testimony or written statements from advisable authorities, or telephone records. Fines for breaking this law range between $100 and $250.
64. Throwing trash, debris or rubbish from a: moving or parked vehicle is illegal. v Litter is a safety hazard an eyesore. v Fines of upward to $1, 000 may be imposed on motorists found throwing unsafe objects from a vehicle onto a roadway. v If the vehicle is moving when litter is thrown, the motorist may lose his/her license. five All trash, debris or rubbish carried in a vehicle must be covered to go on information technology from littering the roadway
four. Judge your speed control past: EXISTING Atmospheric condition Type of Road Weather Traffic
34. It’s the law in New Jersey to your headlights on: plough . A rule for wise drivers: “Windshield wipers on means depression-beam headlights on, too!” Unlike third auto, hither, let other drivers and pedestrians see you in good time. Photo: Ian Britton, freefoto. com • Whenever windshield wipers are in use
35. What two sets of low-cal beams does your car accept? • Motorists may switch between: • Bright (High) and • DIM ( Low) beams by using a switch or push button located on or near the dashboard of the vehicle.
17. Country law requires that motorists always yield to: PEDESTRIANS
A Motorist Should Know That He/she is Entering